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Appendix I
104 STAT.3744
Public Law 101-624-Nov. 28, 1990
Title XVI

Subtitle C--National Genetic Resources Program

7 USC 5841.
SEC. 1632. Establishment, Purpose, and Functions of the National Genetic Resources Program

(a) IN GENERAL.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall provide for a National Genetic Resources Program.
(b) PURPOSE.--The program is established for the purpose of maintaining and enhancing a program providing for the collection, preservation, and dissemination of genetic material of importance to American food and agriculture production.
(c) ADMINISTRATION.--The program shall be administered by the Secretary through the Agricultural Research Service.
(d) FUNCTIONS.--The Secretary, acting through the program, shall--

(1) provide for the collection, classification, preservation, and dissemination of genetic material of importance to the food and agriculture sectors of the United States;
(2) conduct research on the genetic materials collected and on methods for storage and preservation of those materials;
(3) coordinate the activities of the program with similar activities occurring domestically;
(4) unless otherwise prohibited by law, have the right to make available upon request, without charge and without regard to the country from which such request originates, the genetic material which the program assembles;
(5) expand the types of genetic resources included in the program to develop a comprehensive genetic resources program which includes plants (including silvicultural species), animal, aquatic, insect, microbiological, and other types of genetic resources of importance to food and agriculture, as resources permit; and
(6) engage in such other activities as the Secretary determines appropriate and as the resources of the program permit.

7 USC 5842.
SEC.1633. Appointment and Authority of Director

(a)DIRECTOR.--There shall be at the head of the program an official to be known as the Director of the National Genetic Resources Program who shall be appointed by the Secretary. The Director shall perform such duties as are assigned to the Director by this subtitle and such other duties as the Secretary may prescribe.

(b) ADMINISTRATIVE AUTHORITY.--In carrying out this subtitle, the Secretary, acting through the Director--

(1) shall be responsible for the overall direction of the program and for the establishment and implementation of general policies respecting the management and operation of activities within the program;
(2) may secure for the program consultation services and advice of persons from the United States and abroad;
(3) may accept voluntary and uncompensated services; and
(4) may perform such other administrative functions as the Secretary determines are needed to effectively carry out this subtitle.

(c) DUTIES.--The Director shall--

(1) advise participants on the program activities;
(2) coordinate, review and facilitate the systematic identification and evaluation of, relevant information generated under the program;
(3) promote the effective transfer of the information described in paragraph (2) to the agriculture and food production community and to entities that require such information; and
(4) monitor the effectiveness of the activities described in paragraph (3).

(d) BIENNIAL REPORTS.--The Director shall prepare and transmit to the Secretary and to the Congress a biennial report containing--

(1) a description of the activities carried out by and through the program and the policies of the program, and such recommendations respecting such activities and policies as the Director considers to be appropriate;
(2) a description of the necessity for, and progress achieved toward providing, additional programs and activities designed to include the range of genetic resources described in section 1632(d)(5) in the activities of the program; and
(3) an assessment of events and activities occurring internationally as they relate to the activities and policies of the program.

(e) INITIAL REPORTS.--Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director shall transmit to the Secretary and to the Congress a report--

(1) describing the projected needs over a 10-year period in each of the areas of genetic resources described in section 1632(d)(5), including the identification of existing components of a comprehensive program, policies and activities needed to coordinate those components, and additional elements not in existence which are required for the development of a comprehensive genetic resources program as described in such section;
(2) assessing the international efforts and activities related to the program, and their effect upon and coordination with the program; and
(3) evaluating the potential effect of various national laws, including national quarantine requirements, as well as treaties, agreements, and the activities of international organizations on the development of a comprehensive international system for the collection and maintenance of genetic resources of importance to agriculture.

SEC. 1634 Advisory Council 7 USC 5843.

(a) ESTABLISHMENT AND MEMBERSHIP.--The Secretary shall establish an advisory council for the program for the purpose of advising, assisting, consulting with, and making recommendations to, the Secretary and Director concerning matters related to the activities, policies and operations of the program. The advisory council shall consist of ex officio members and not more than nine members appointed by the Secretary.

(b) EX OFFICIO MEMBERS.--The ex officio members of the advisory council shall consist of the following persons (or their designees):

(1) The Director.
(2) The Assistant Secretary of Agriculture for Science and Education.
(3) The Director of the National Agricultural Library.
(4) The Director of the National Institutes of Health.
(5) The Director of the National Science Foundation.
(6) The Secretary of Energy.
(7) The Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy.
(8) Such additional officers and employees of the United States as the Secretary determines are necessary for the advisory council to effectively carry out its functions.

(c) APPOINTMENT OF OTHER MEMBERS.--The members of the advisory council who are not ex officio members shall be appointed by the Secretary as follows:

(1) Two-thirds of the members shall be appointed from among the leading representatives of the scientific disciplines relevant to the activities of the program, including agricultural sciences, environmental sciences, natural resource sciences, health sciences, and nutritional sciences.
(2) One-third of the members shall be appointed from the general public and shall include leaders in fields of public policy, trade, international development, law, or management.

(d) COMPENSATION.--Members of the advisory council shall serve without compensation, if not otherwise officers or employees of the United States, except that they shall, while away from their homes or regular places of business in the performance of services for the advisory council, be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in the same manner as persons employed intermittently in the Government service are allowed expenses under sections 5701 through 5707 of title 5, United States Code.


(1) TERM.--The term of office of a member appointed under subsection (c) is four years, except that any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring before the expiration of the term for which the predecessor of such member was appointed shall be appointed only for the remainder of such term.
(2) INITIAL APPOINTMENT.--The Secretary shall make appointments to the advisory council so as to ensure that the terms of the members appointed under subsection (c) do not all expire in the same year. A member may serve after the expiration of the member's term until a successor takes office.
(3) REAPPOINTMENT.--A member who is appointed for a term of four years may not be reappointed to the advisory council before two years after the date of expiration of such term of office.
(4) VACANCIES.--If a vacancy occurs in the advisory council among the members appointed under subsection (c), the Secretary shall make an appointment to fill such vacancy within 90 days after the date such vacancy occurs.

(f) CHAIR.--The Secretary shall select as the chair of the advisory council one of the members appointed under subsection (c). The term of office of the chair shall be two years.

(g) MEETINGS.--The advisory council shall meet at the call of the chair or on the request of the Director, but at least two times each fiscal year. The location of the meetings of the advisory council shall be subject to the approval of the Director.

(h) STAFF.--The Director shall make available to the advisory council such staff, information, and other assistance as it may require to carry out its functions.

(i) ORIENTATION AND TRAINING.--The Director shall provide such orientation and training for new members of the advisory council as may be appropriate for their effective participation in the functions of the advisory council.

(j) COMMENTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS.--The advisory council may prepare, for inclusion in a report submitted under section 1633--

(1) comments respecting the activities of the advisory council during the period covered by the report;
(2) comments on the progress of the program in meeting its objectives; and
(3) recommendations respecting the future directions, program, and policy emphasis of the program.

(k) REPORTS.--The advisory council may prepare such reports as the advisory council determines to be appropriate.

(l) APPLICATION OF ADVISORY COMMITTEE ACT.--Section 14(a) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) relating to the termination of an advisory committee shall not apply to the advisory committee established under this section.

SEC.1635 Definitions and Authorization of Appropriations 7 USC 5844.

(a) DEFINITIONS.--For purposes of this subtitle:

(1) The term "program" means the National Genetic Resources Program.
(2) The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Agriculture.
(3) The term "Director" means the Director of the National Genetic Resources Program.

(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.--There are authorized to be appropriated such funds as may be necessary to carry out this subtitle for each of the fiscal years 1991 through 2002.

Updated 14-Sep-2005
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