MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE



Sorting Terminalia names


Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :





Terminalia alata B. Heyne ex Roth

SYNONYM(S) :   Pentaptera tomentosa Roxb. ex DC., Terminalia elliptica Willd., Terminalia tomentosa (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn.

ENGLISH :  Indian laurel.

BENGALI :  Asan.

GUJARATI :  Sadar.

HINDI :  Ain,  असन    Asan,  आसन  Aasan, Asain, Sain, Saj, Saja.

JAPANESE :  クチナシミロバラン  Kuchinashi mirobaran (as T. tomentosa).

KANNADA :  Banappu, Karimaddi, Sadada.

MARATHI :   Ain, Ajn, Sadura, Yen.

NEPALESE :   Asanaa,   Saaj.

ORIYA :  Sahaju.

SANSKRIT :   Raktarjun.

TAMIL :  Karramarda.

TELUGU :   Inna maddi, Inumaddi, Maddi, Nalamaddi.

THAI :  รกฟ้า  Rok fa (as T. alata),  สมอพิเภก .

URDU :    اسن   Asan,   آسن   Aasan.



Terminalia amazonia (J. F. Gmel.) Exell

SYNONYM(S) :  Chuncoa amazonia J. F. Gmel., Terminalia hayesii Pittier

ENGLISH :  White olive.

JAPANESE :  コーヒーモルタル  Koohiimorutaru.

SPANISH :  Nogal amarillo, Guayabo (Colombia), Guacharaco (Venezuela).

UNIDENTIFIED :   Nargusta (Trade name).



Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn.

SYNONYM(S) :  Pentaptera angustifolia Roxb., Pentaptera arjuna Roxb. ex DC., Pentaptera glabra Roxb. , Terminalia berryi Wight & Arn.,  Terminalia glabra Wight & Arn., Terminalia ovalifolia Rottl. Ex C.B. Clarke

BENGALI :  Arjun, Arjhan.

CHINESE :  三果木   San guo mu  (Taiwan).

ENGLISH :   Arjuna, White marudah, White murdh.

GERMAN :   Echte Myrobalane.

HINDI :   Arjan, Arjun, Arjuna,  Kaahuu, Kahua, Kahuaa, Kahu, Koha.

KANNADA :   Bilimaddi, Nirmathi, Holematti, Maddi, Tora matti.

MALAYALAM : Niirmarutu, marutu, Venmarutu, Aarrumarutu,, Pulamatti.

MARATHI :  Arjuna, Arjun sadada, Azun, Kahu, Sadura.

NEPALESE :     Arjun,       Kaahuu.

RUSSIAN  :  Мирoбалан   Mirobalan,    Терминалия арджуна  Terminaliia  ardzhuna,  Терминалия аржуна  Terminaliia arzhuna.

SANSKRIT :   अर्जुन   Arjun, Arjuna, धन्वी  Dhanvii, Dhaval, Indradu, Indradruma, Kakubha, Karavirak, Karvirak, Nadisarja, Viravriksha.

SINHALESE :  Kumbuk.

TAMIL :  Aarrumarutu, Kula maruthu, Marutham pattai, Maruthu, Marutu, Nirmaddi, Niirmarutu, Vellaimarutu, Vellai maruthu, Vellamatta, Vellamatta marutae.

TELUGU :  Tellamaddi, Tittu maddi, Vag maddi, Yerra maddi.

URDU :   ارجن    Arjun.



Terminalia bentzoe (L.) Pers.

FRENCH :  Benjoin (Reunion).


Photographs at La Flore Reunionnaise.


Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb.

SYNONYM(S) :  Myrobalanus bellirica Gaertn., Myrobalanus laurinioides Kuntze, Terminalia angustifolia Blanco, non Jacq., Terminalia attenuata Edgew., Terminalia edulis Blanco,  Terminalia moluccana Roxb., Terminalia punctata Roth 

ARABIC :    بليلج

BENGALI : Baheraa, Bhayraa.

ENGLISH : Bastard myrobalan, Behere, Belleric myrobalan.

FRENCH :  Awaiting feedback .

GERMAN :   Baherabaum, Belerische Myrobalane.

HINDI :    Baheda, Bahedaa,   बहेड़ा   Baheraa, Bahirda, Bhaira, Bhairaa, Bohera, Vibhitaka.

JAPANESE :  ターミナリア ベリリカ   Taaminaria beririka..

KANNADA :  Santi, Thani, Thare.

MALAY :  Jaha, Jaha kebo.

MALAYALAM : Taanni, Taannikka.

MARATHI :  Beda, Beheda, Berda.

NEPALESE :     Barro.

RUSSIAN :  Терминалия белерическая  Terminaliia belericheskaia.

SANSKRIT :  Aksa,  Bibhitaki, Kalidruma, Karshaphala, Vibhiitaka, Vibhitaki.

SINHALESE :  Awaiting feedback .

TAMIL :  Taanni, Taanrikkaay, Thandri, Thaanri, Thani.

TELUGU :  Tadi, Tani, Thandra.

THAI :     สมอพิเภก    Samo phi phek.  

URDU :    بهيڙا   Baheraa.


TYPES (India):   Ovate large-fruited & Round-fruited.



Terminalia  bialata (Roxb.) Steud.

SYNONYM(S) :  Awaiting feedback .

ENGLISH :   Indian silver-grey wood, Silver greywood.

FRENCH :  Awaiting feedback .

GERMAN :  Awaiting feedback .

HINDI :    Chuglam, Safed chuglam.

SINHALESE :  Awaiting feedback .




Terminalia brassii Exell

ENGLISH :  Brown terminalia.

JAPANESE :  ブラウンターミネリア  Buraun taamineria.



Terminalia calamansanai (Blanco) Rolfe.

CHINESE :  馬尼拉欖仁樹   Ma ni la lan ren  (Taiwan).

 THAI :    สกุณี  Sakuni,  ตีนนก   Tin nok.


Terminalia  catappa L.

SYNONYM(S) :   Badamia comersoni Gaertn., Buceras catappa Hitchc., Juglans catappa Lour., Phytolacca javanica Osbeck, Terminalia badamia Tul., Terminalia dichotoma Miq., Terminalia latifolia Blanco, Terminalia mauritana Blanco, Terminalia moluccana Lam., Terminalia ovatifolia Nor.

BENGALI : Baangla baadaam, Desi baadaam.

CHINESE :   榄 仁树  Lan ren shu,   欖仁  Lan ren   (Taiwan).

 ENGLISH :   Atafa, Bengal almond, Indian almond, Malabar almond, Singapore almond, Tropical almond, Umbrella tree.

FRENCH :  Amandier des Antilles, Amandier des Indes, Amandier de l'Inde, Amandier tropical, Badamier.

GERMAN :   Indischer Mandelbaum, Katappenbaum, Seemandelbaum, Seemandelbaumblätter.

HINDI :  वाताम्र   Baadaam, Deshi badam, Hijli badam, Jangli badam, Patee badam.

JAPANESE :   コバテイン   Kobatein,  モ モタマナ  Momo tamana.

KANNADA :  Taree.

 MALAY :  Ketapang.

NEPALESE :       Kaathe badaam.

PORTUGUESE :   Amendoeira da India.

RUSSIAN :  Терминалия катаппа    Terminaliia katappa.

SANSKRIT : Inguda.

SPANISH :  Almendro de la India.

TAMIL :  Inkuti,  Nattu vadam, Saraparuppu, Vaatumai, Vatha kottai.

TELUGU :  Badamu, Nalu badami.

THAI :  หูกวาง   Hu kwang.

URDU :   بادام   Baadaam.

VIETNAMESE :  Bàng.



Terminalia chebula Retz.

SYNONYM(S) :  Myrobalanus chebula Gaertn., Myrobalanus gangetica Kostel., Terminalia acuta Walp., Terminalia gangetica Roxb., Terminalia parviflora Thwaites, Terminalia reticulata Roth , Terminalia zeylanica Heurck & Muell. Arg. 

ARABIC :  Ahlilaj asfar, Halilaja..

ASSAMESE : Shilikha.

BENGALI :  Haritaki, Haritakii, Hora.

BURMESE :  Pangah.

CHINESE :  诃子  He zi ,   訶梨勒   He li le  (Taiwan).

 ENGLISH :   Black myrobalan, Chebulic myrobalan, Gali nut, Indian gall-nut, Ink nut, Yellow myrobalan.

FRENCH :  Badamier chébule, Myrobalan chébule.

GERMAN :  Chebulische Myrobalane, Rispiger Myrobalanenbaum.

GUJARATI : Harade, Himaja, Pilo hardae.

HINDI :  Chhoti har, Halda, Har, Haraa, Haraaraa, Harash, Harb, Harir, Harad, Harda, Harara, Haritali, Haritaki, Harra, Pile hara.

JAPANESE :   ハリタキ  Haritaki,  イ エロ-ターミナリア  Ieroo taaminaria,  ミロバランノキ   Mirobaran no ki,  ミロバランの木   Mirobaran no ki.

KANNADA :  Alale, Anile, Arataikai, Arili, Hardae.

MALAY :  Buah kaduka, Manja lawai (Indonesia).

MALAYALAM :  Katukka, Kaduk kai.

MARATHI :  Harade, Hirada, Hirda.

NEPALESE :     Harro,    Jangalii harro,     Thuulo harro.

ORIYA : Harida.

PERSIAN :  Halaila e zard, Halil ahe zarda.

PUNJABI :  Arara, Zard halela.

RUSSIAN :   Харитаки  Kharitaki, Терминалия чебула Terminaliia chebula,  Терминалия хебула Terminaliia khebula .

SANSKRIT :  Abhaya, Abhayaa, Bhisakpriya, Bhishak-priya, Haritaki, ,   पाचनी  (pāćanī) ,   पथ्या  (pathyā),   Pathya,   शिवा  Sivaa, Sudha, Vayastha.

SINHALESE :  Aralu.

SPANISH :   Mirobalanos índicos.

TAMIL :   Kadakkai, Kadukkai, Kadukkaya, Katukkaay.

TELUGU :  Karakkai chettu, Karakkaya, Karkchettu, Nalla karaka.

THAI :  สมอไทย   Samo thai,   โกฐพุงปลา  ?

TIBETAN :  A ru ra.

TURKISH :  Kara halile.

URDU :   پاچني  (pāćanī),  پتهيا   (pathyā), پرمتها   (pramathā),  پوتنا   (pūtanā).

UNIDENTIFIED : Hardo (India), Harde kayi (India).

TYPES (India):  Bala harade (small stoneless dark-brown fruited), Java harade (small-fruited), Rangarl harade (yellow-fruited lightly wrinkled), Survari harade (large yellowish-brown heavily wrinkled fruit).


Terminalia chebula Retz. var. chebula


Terminalia chebula Retz. var. tomentella (Kurz) C. B. Clarke

SYNONYM(S) : Terminalia tomentella Kurz  

CHINESE :  Rong mao he zi.

ENGLISH :   Awaiting feedback .

FRENCH :  Awaiting feedback .

GERMAN :   Awaiting feedback .

THAI :  โกฐพุงปลา  ?


Terminalia citrina (Gaertn) Roxb. ex Fleming

SYNONYM(S) :   Combretum arboreum Miq., Embryogonia arborea Teijsm. & Binn. ex Miq., Myrobalanus citrina Gaertn., Terminalia curtisii Ridi., Terminalia multiflora Merr., Terminalia teysmannii K. & V.

 ENGLISH :  Yellow myrobalan.

JAPANESE :  ビンガス  Bingasu, イ エロ-ターミナリア  Ieroo taaminaria.

SANSKRIT :  अभया (abhayā),   पथ्या  (pathyā) Pathya,   प्रमथा   (pra-mathā).

THAI :  สมอดีงู   Samo di ngu.

TURKISH :  Sarı halile (preferred), Sarı helile.

URDU :  ابهيا    (abhayā), پتهيا   Pathya, پرمتها    (pra-mathā).

UNIDENTIFIED :  Binggas (Trade name).


Terminalia complanata K.Schum.

ENGLISH :  Pale-yellow terminalia.

JAPANESE :  イエロ-ターミナリア  Ieroo taaminaria.



Terminalia glaucifolia Craib.

THAI :  แหน   Haen.


Terminalia ivorensis A. Chev.

SYNONYM(S) :  Awaiting feedback .

ENGLISH :   Black afara, Black bark, Brimstone wood, Satin wood, Shingle wood.

FRENCH :  Framiré.

GERMAN :   Awaiting feedback .

JAPANESE :   フラミレ Furamire,  イジグボ Ijigubo.

UNIDENTIFIED :  Emeri (trade name), Idigbo (trade name).


Terminalia kaernbachii Warb.

SYNONYM(S) :  Terminalia okari C. T. White

ENGLISH :  Brown terminalia, Okari nut.

JAPANESE :  ブラウンターミネリア  Buraun taamineria.



Terminalia microcarpa Decne.

SYNONYM(S) :  Myrobalanus microcarpa (Decne.) Kuntze., Myrobalanus sericocarpa (F.Muell.) Kuntze, Terminalia edulis Blanco, Terminalia sericocarpa F.Muell.

ENGLISH :   Awaiting feedback .

FRENCH :  Awaiting feedback .

GERMAN :   Awaiting feedback .

MALAY :   Dalumpit (Indonesia), Kalumpit, Kelumpit (Indonesia).



Terminalia mucronata Craib. & Hutch.

SYNONYM(S) :  Terminalia corticosa Pierre ex Laness.

THAI :  ตะแบกเลือด   Ta baek lueat,   มะเกลือเลือด  (as T. corticosa).


Terminalia myriocarpa Van Heurck & Mull. Arg.

NEPALESE :    Paanii saaj.


Terminalia nitens C. Presl

JAPANESE :   テリハモモタマナ  Teriha momo tamana.


Terminalia paniculata Roth

ENGLISH :  Kindal.

KANNADA :  Honagalu, Hongal, Honnai.

TAMIL :  Adamaruthu, Pillamarudu, Pulavai.

TELUGU :  Chirimanu, Neemeeri, Nerali.


Terminalia procera Roxb.

SYNONYM(S) :  Terminalia copelandii Elmer 

JAPANESE :  ラニパウ  Ranipau (as T. copelandii),  ラニポー Ranipoo (as T. copelandii).

UNIDENTIFIED :  Lanipau  (trade name).



Terminalia superba Engl. & Diels

SYNONYM(S) :  Terminalia altissima A.Chev.

ENGLISH :   White afara, Limba.

FRENCH :  Chêne-limbo, Limbo blanc, Limbo clair.

GERMAN :   Awaiting feedback .

JAPANESE :  アフイナ  Afuina, リンバ  Rinba.

RUSSIAN :  Камеруне терминалии  Kamerune terminalii.



Terminalia triptera Stapf.

THAI :   ขี้อ้าย   Khi ai.





HOW TO CITE THIS PAGE / COLLECTION OF RECORDS

Porcher Michel H. et al. 1995 - 2020, Sorting  Terminalia  Names. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database - A Work in Progress. Institute of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia. < http://www.plantnames.unimelb.edu.au/Sorting/Terminalia.html > (2008).

 

REFERENCES

General Bibliography
+
REFERENCES
Online
+
REFERENCES
Specific & complementary

- for African names :


Dallwitz, M. J.
1980. A general system for coding taxonomic descriptions. Taxon 29, 41–6.

Dallwitz, M. J., Paine, T. A., and Zurcher, E. J. 1993 onwards. User’s guide to the DELTA System: a general system for processing taxonomic descriptions. 4th edition. http://biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/

Dallwitz, M. J., Paine, T. A., and Zurcher, E. J. 1995 onwards. User’s guide to Intkey: a program for interactive identification and information retrieval. 1st edition. http://biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/

Dallwitz, M. J., Paine, T. A. and Zurcher, E. J. 2000 onwards. Principles of interactive keys. http://biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/

Richter H. G. and Dallwitz M. J. (2000 onwards). Commercial timbers: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. In English, French, German, and Spanish. Version: 18th October 2002. http://biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/’.  < http://biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/wood/fr/www/cobtesup.htm >.



-  for Indian names :


Himalaya Herbal Healthcare, 2001 - 2004, Herbal Monograph : Nardostachys jatamansi DC. < http://www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/latin.htm >.  (HIM)

Pandanus Database. 1998-2007 Seminar of Indian Studies, Institute of South and Central Asia, Faculty of Arts, Charles University. Development of this database of Indian plant names was made possible by the generous funding of the Grant Agency of Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic. < http://iu.ff.cuni.cz/pandanus/database/ > (Bengali, English, Hindi, Malayalam, Sanskrit, Tamil.).

Pankaj Oudhia (Dr.), 2001 - 2003.  Research Note. Medicinal herbs of Chhattisgarh - India.  Lesser known  Traditional Uses. XIII. Saja (Terminalia alata). At Botanical.com. < http://botanical.com/site/column_poudhia/166_saja.html >.

Platts John T.,
1884, A Dictionary of Urdu, Classical Hindi, and English.. Digital Dictionaries of South Asia. Online version by University of Chicago - Updated April 2008.
<
http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/platts/ >.

<>Sakthi Foundation, (consulted in 2008), MEDICINAL FOOD & PLANT NAMES (IN INDIAN LANGUAGES).
< http://www.sakthifoundation.org/glossary.pdf. >.

Vandana Shiva
(Dr.), 2004, Archives - Plant Glossary. Research Foundation for Science, Technology and Ecology. New Delhi India. < http://www.vshiva.net/archives/naturefacts/terminalia_arjuna.htm >. < http://www.vshiva.net/archives/naturefacts/terminalia_chebula.htm >.



-  for taxonomy :


USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/var/apache/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxdump.pl?terminalia (24 August 2004)



 

Contributors to this page (Personal communication) :  In progress.


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Date created: 11 / 08 / 2004
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Last modified: 19 / 04 / 2008
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