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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Ceratonia siliqua L.

Genus: Ceratonia
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Caesalpinioideae tribe: Caesalpinieae. Also placed in: Caesalpiniaceae
Nomen number: 9918
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1026. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 16-Feb-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

More:

Economic importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring   (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Food additives: sweetener   (fide Batlle & Tous 1997)
  • Food additives: thickening agent   (fide Batlle & Tous 1997)
  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Batlle & Tous 1997)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter   (fide Batlle & Tous 1997)
  • Human food: beverage base   (seeds used as a substitute for coffee & chocolate fide Edible HC; Ency CNatIn)
  • Animal food: fodder   (fide Batlle & Tous 1997)
  • Fuels: charcoal   (fide Batlle & Tous 1997)
  • Fuels: fuelwood   (fide Batlle & Tous 1997)
  • Materials: alcohol   (carob bean gum for numerous uses fide Batlle & Tous 1997)
  • Materials: gum/resin   (carob bean gum for numerous uses fide Batlle & Tous 1997)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Libya [n.e.]; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Lebanon; Syria [w.]; Turkey
  • EUROPE
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Former Yugoslavia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized:
  • widely naturalized

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Batlle, I. & J. Tous. 1997. Carob tree. Ceratonia siliqua L. 17:1–92 In: International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI), Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 17:1–92.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance.
  • Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops.
  • Isely, D. 1975. Leguminosae of the United States: II. Subfamily Caesalpinioideae. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(2):134.
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931–1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 123.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Magness, J. R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Meikle, R. D. 1977–1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • National Academy of Sciences. 1979. Tropical legumes: resources for the future.
  • Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979–1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Smythies, B. E. 1984–1986. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
More:

Check other web resources for Ceratonia siliqua L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images or nodulation data:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?9918 (02 September 2014)

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