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Taxon: Centaurea cyanus L.

Genus: Centaurea
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) subfamily: Carduoideae tribe: Cardueae subtribe: Centaureinae.
Nomen number: 9817
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:911. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 01-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 6 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
NC°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • bachelor's-button   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • blaver   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • blue bottle   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • blue-poppy   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • bluebonnets   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • brushes   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • corn-pinks   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • cornflower   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • hurtsickle   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • thimbles   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • witch's-bells   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • shi che ju   (Source: F Taiwan ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • barbeau   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • bleuet   (Source: L Noms French ed6 ) – French
  • casse lunette   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • centaurée bleuet   (Source: L Noms French ed6 ) – French
  • Kornblume   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – German
  • vasiljok posevnoj   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • vasiljok sinij   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • blåklint   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Iraq [n.]; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Finland
    Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized:
  • AFRICA
    Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Primorye
    China: China - Qinghai, Xinjiang
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Uttar Pradesh; Pakistan [n.]
  • AUSTRALASIA
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Greece - Crete; Romania
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Subarctic America: Greenland
    Canada
    United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Western South America: Ecuador - Pichincha
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile

      Adventive:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Lebanon
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Bailey, L. H. 1949. Manual of cultivated plants, revised ed.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Demilly, D. et al. 1996. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Harden, G. J., ed. 1990–1993. Flora of New South Wales.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000–. Flora of Siberia (English translation).
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975–1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Ochsmann, J. 2001. Knapweeds (Centaurea L. and some related genera) in North America. In: Ochsmann, J., Welcome to the Centaurea pages.
  • Parsa, A. 1943–1952. Flore de l'Iran.
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980–. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996–. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Centaurea cyanus L.:


Images:

  • GRIN Images of germplasm accessions.
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?9817 (22 September 2014)

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