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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Celtis occidentalis L.

Genus: Celtis
Family: Cannabaceae. Also placed in: Celtidaceae Ulmaceae
Nomen number: 9774
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1044. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 01-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 13 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

  • American hackberry   (Source: Wiegrefe, p.c.) – English
  • hackberry   (Source: NRCS Cons Pl Mat ) – English
  • Mississippi hackberry   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English
  • nettletree   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • northern hackberry   (Source: Wiegrefe, p.c.) – English
  • sugarberry   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • vals witstinkhout   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – Afrikaans
  • amerikanischer Zürgelbaum   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • bäralm   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Krussmann)
  • Gene sources: graft stock   (fide Eur Gard F)
  • Materials: wood   (for various purposes fide Hortus 3)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia [n.], Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

      Naturalized:
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Queensland

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Britton, N. L. & A. Brown. 1952. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British possessions, ed. 3.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 1999–. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany, ed. 8.
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. [accepts with three varieties].
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Wiegrefe, S. 1998. pers. comm. [re. common names].
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Celtis occidentalis L.:

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Celtis occidentalis cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?9774 (23 April 2014)

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