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Taxon: Carya laciniosa (F. Michx.) W. P. C. Barton

Genus: Carya section: Carya
Family: Juglandaceae
Nomen number: 9254
Place of publication: Comp. fl. philadelph. 178. 1818
Name verified on: 08-Feb-2001 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 18-Sep-2007
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Brownwood (BRW).
Accessions: 38 in National Plant Germplasm System.

Common names:

  • big shellbark   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • kingnut   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • shagbark hickory   (Source: Crops US ) – English
  • shellbark hickory   (Source: Trees US ) – English
  • Königsnuß   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German

Economic importance:

  • Fuels: charcoal   (fide AH 519)
  • Fuels: fuelwood   (fide AH 519)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of pecan   (based on crossability with Carya illinoinensis fide Acta Hort 859:240. 2010; Crop Germp Comm 2004)
  • Materials: wood   (fide J Arn Arb 53:41. 1972; AH 519)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario [s.]
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana, Michigan [s.], New York [w.], Ohio, Pennsylvania [s.], West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa [s.e.], Kansas [e.], Missouri, Oklahoma
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware [n.], Georgia [n.], Kentucky, Maryland [w.], Mississippi, North Carolina [n.-c.], Tennessee, Virginia [w.]
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas [Hardin Co.]


  • Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature.
  • Browne, E. T. & R. Athey. 1992. Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:147. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Deam, C. C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Elias, T. S. 1972. The genera of Juglandaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 53:26–51. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany, ed. 8. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Grauke, L. J. & M. A. Mendoza-Herrera. 2012. Population structure in the genus Carya. Acta Hort. 948:151, 156. [mentions].
  • Grauke, L. J. et al. 2010. Plastid microsatellite markers in Carya. Acta Hort. 859:237–246.
  • Grauke, L. J. 2004. Vulnerability of Carya. Crop Germplasm Committee reports. National Plant Germplasm System, USDA-ARS.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Magness, J. R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Smith, E. B. 1978. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Voss, E. 1972–. Michigan flora. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Wherry, E. T. et al. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. [lists as C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) Loudon].
  • Zhang, J.-B. et al. 2013. Integrated fossil and molecular data reveal the biogeographic diversification of the Eastern Asian-Eastern North American disjunct hickory genus (Carya Nutt.). PLoS One 8(7): e70449.


Check other web resources for Carya laciniosa (F. Michx.) W. P. C. Barton:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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