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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch

Genus: Carya section: Apocarya
Family: Juglandaceae.
Nomen number: 9253
Place of publication: Dendrologie 1:593. 1869 "illinoensis"
Comments:Name verified on: 24-Jun-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 29-Oct-2007
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Brownwood (BRW).
Accessions: 3623 in National Plant Germplasm System.

Common names:

  • pecan   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • mei guo shan he tao   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • pacanier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Hickorynußbaum   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German
  • Pekannuß   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Pekannußbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • nogueira-japonêsa   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • nogueira-pecã   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • noz-japonêsa   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • noz-pecã   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pecã   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • černoj pekan   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • nogal americano   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • pecán   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • pecana   (Source: B. León, p.c.) – Spanish
  • pecanero   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • pekanhickory   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Human food: nut   (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Fuels: charcoal   (esp. for smoking meats fide AH 519)
  • Fuels: fuelwood   (esp. for smoking meats fide AH 519)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of pecan   (based on crossability with pecan fide Acta Hort 859:240. 2010; Crop Germp Comm 2004)
  • Materials: wood   (fide J Arn Arb 53:42. 1972; AH 519)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana [s. & w.]
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa [s.e.], Kansas [s.e.], Missouri, Oklahoma
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, Kentucky [w.], Louisiana, Mississippi [w.], Tennessee
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Guanajuato, Jalisco, Oaxaca, Veracruz

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Southern Africa: South Africa
    Caucasus: Azerbaijan
    China: China
    Australia: Australia
    East Europe: Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    United States
    Brazil: Brazil

  • exact native range obscure owing to extensive cultivated




Check other web resources for Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch:

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (23 April 2014)

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