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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

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Taxon: Carum carvi L.

Genus: Carum
Family: Apiaceae (alt. Umbelliferae) subfamily: Apioideae tribe: Careae
Nomen number: 9245
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:263. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 26 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • caraway   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • carum   (Source: Ency CNatIn ) – English
  • fang feng   (Source: M. F. Watson, p.c.) – Transcribed Chinese
  • ge lu zi   (Source: M. F. Watson, p.c.) – Transcribed Chinese
  • anis des Vosges   (Source: L Noms French ed6 ) – French
  • carvi   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • cumin des prés   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Kümmel   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • siyah-jira   (Source: P.K. Mukherjee, p.c.) – India
  • zira-seeah   (Source: Names Watson ) – India
  • carvi   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • alcarávia   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • comino de prado   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • kummin   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Tunisia
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq [n.]; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Kamchatka
    China: China - Gansu, Hebei, Qinghai, Shanxi, Xinjiang, Xizang
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India [Kashmir & Jammu]; Nepal; Pakistan [n.]
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Norway; Svalbard and Jan Mayen
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • widely cultivated in temperate regions




Check other web resources for Carum carvi L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • GRIN Images of germplasm accessions.
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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