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Taxon: Carthamus lanatus L.

Genus: Carthamus section: Atractylis
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) subfamily: Carduoideae tribe: Cardueae subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9235
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:830. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 01-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 11-Aug-2013
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
CA*°, OR*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • distaff thistle   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • downy safflower   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • saffron thistle   (Source: Noxweed Aust ) – English
  • woolly distaff thistle   (Source: NPB State Noxweed CA []) – English
  • woolly safflower   (Source: Noxweed Aust CA) – English
  • woolly star thistle   (Source: Noxweed Aust CA) – English
  • woolly thistle   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names CA) – English
  • yellow star thistle   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names CA) – English
  • wolliger Saflor   (Source: Zander Ency CA) – German
  • cardo-da-cruz   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cardo-do-diabo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cardo-lanudo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • luddsafflor   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of safflower   (based on the need of embryo rescue and other techniques in crosses with Carthamus tinctorius fide Can J Pl Sci 84:926. 2004)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Econ Pl Aust)

Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Turkey
    Caucasus: Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh; Pakistan [n.]
    Middle Europe: Hungary; Switzerland
    East Europe: Moldova; Russian Federation - European part [s.]; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape, Western Cape
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Northern Europe: Norway
    Middle Europe: Slovakia
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Massachusetts, New Jersey
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Oklahoma
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

    Northern Africa: Algeria
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan
    Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Poland
    East Europe: Latvia




Check other web resources for Carthamus lanatus L.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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