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Taxon: Carica papaya L.

Genus: Carica
Family: Caricaceae.
Nomen number: 9147
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1036. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 21-Nov-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Hilo (HILO).
Accessions: 53 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • papaya   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • pawpaw   (Source: Pl Res SEAs ) – English (Australia)
  • papayer   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Melonenbaum   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German
  • Papajabaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Papajapflanze   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German
  • mamão   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • papaia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mamón   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • papayero   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • papaja   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Mexico
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina [n.]; Paraguay

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    East Tropical Africa: Tanzania
    South Tropical Africa: Malawi
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Bahamas; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Puerto Rico; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago; Virgin Islands (U.S.)

      Cultivated: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Malesia: Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

References:

  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Angely, J. A. 1965. Flora analitica do Parana.
  • Badillo, V. M. 1971. Monografia de la familia Caricaceae. 63–76.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto. Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. 1978–. Flora de Veracruz.
  • Gooding, E. G. et al. 1965. Flora of Barbados.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops.
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973–. Flora of Ecuador.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Killeen, T. J. et al. 1993. Guia de arboles de Bolivia.
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946–1962. Flora de Cuba.; suppl. 1969
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • Long, R. W. & O. Lakela. 1971. A flora of tropical Florida.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Mori, S. A. et al. 1997–. Guide to the vascular plants of Central French Guiana (Mem. New York Bot Gard. 76).
  • O'Brien, C. M. & R. A. Drew. 2009. Potential for using Vasconcellea parviflora as a bridging species in intergeneric hybridisation between V. pubescens and Carica papaya. Austral. J. Bot. 57:592–601.
  • Pennington, T. D. et al. 2004. Illustrated guide to the trees of Peru.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Pulle, A. A. et al., eds. 1932–. Flora of Suriname.
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. [re. German common names].
  • Siar, S. V. et al. 2011. Papaya ringspot virus resistance in Carica papaya via introgression from Vasconcellea quercifolia. Euphytica 181:159–168.
  • St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 2:108.
  • Wickens, G. E. et al., eds. 1989. New crops for food and industry.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama.
  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Carica papaya L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?9147 (01 November 2014)

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