USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Capsicum annuum L.

Genus: Capsicum
Family: Solanaceae subfamily: Solanoideae tribe: Capsiceae.
Nomen number: 8904
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:188-189. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 22-Jan-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 10-Dec-2010
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 3425 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • American bird pepper   (Source: F Panama ) – English   [Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum]
  • bell pepper   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • bird pepper   (Source: Baileya 19:151-156.) – English   [Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum]
  • capsicum pepper   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • Cayenne pepper   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • cherry pepper   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • chili pepper   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • cone pepper   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • green pepper   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • long pepper   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • paprika   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • pimento pepper   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • red capsicum   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • red cone pepper   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • red pepper   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • sweet pepper   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • sweet pepper   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • turkey pepper   (Source: Native Pl Database ) – English   [Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum]
  • la liao   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • green capsicum   (Source: Econ Pl Aust ) – English (Australia)   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • piment annuel   (Source: L Noms French ed7 ) – French
  • piment doux   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • poivre d'Espagne   (Source: Dict Rehm [as C. baccatum var. baccatum]) – French   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • poivre de Cayenne   (Source: Dict Rehm [as C. frutescens]) – French   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • poivron   (Source: L Noms French ed7 ) – French
  • poivron doux   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • Cayennepfeffer   (Source: Dict Rehm [as C. frutescens]) – German   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • Gemüsepaprika   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • spanischer Pfeffer   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • peperoncino   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • peperone   (Source: F Ital ) – Italian   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • peperone dolce   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • tō-garashi   (Source: F Okin ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • gochu   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:87.) – Transcribed Korean
  • pimentão   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • ají   (Source: F Guat ) – Spanish   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • ají   (Source: F PuertoR ) – Spanish   [Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum]
  • chile   (Source: F Guat ) – Spanish   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • chile pequin   (Source: Native Pl Database ) – Spanish   [Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum]
  • chilipiquin   (Source: Baileya 19:151.) – Spanish   [Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum]
  • chiltepe   (Source: F Guat ) – Spanish   [Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum]
  • chiltepin   (Source: Ariz SonorDes Mus ) – Spanish   [Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum]
  • guindilla   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • jalapeno   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – Spanish   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • pasilla   (Source: HerbSpices ) – Spanish   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • pimiento   (Source: Names Soukup ) – Spanish   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • piquin   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – Spanish   [Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum]
  • poblano   (Source: HerbSpices ) – Spanish   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • serrano   (Source: HerbSpices ) – Spanish   [Capsicum annuum var. annuum]
  • chiltepinpeppar   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum]
  • spanskpeppar   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, Georgia [e.], Louisiana
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona [s.]
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Anguilla; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Western South America: Colombia

      Naturalized:
  • naturalized elsewhere

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica. [treats as C. baccatum].
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  • D'Arcy, W. G. & W. H. Eshbaugh. 1974. New World peppers (Capsicum-Solanaceae) North of Columbia. A résumé. Baileya 19:98.
  • Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. 1978–. Flora de Veracruz.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Ibiza, V. P. et al. 2011. Taxonomy and genetic diversity of domesticated Capsicum species in the Andean region. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. DOI: 10.1007/s10722–011–9744–z.
  • Ince, A. G. et al. 2010. Genetic relationships within and between Capsicum species. Biochem. Genet. 48:83–95.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles. 1969. Arizona flora, ed. 2. [treats as C. baccatum].
  • Kochieva, E. Z. et al. 2004. Assessment of genetic relationships in the genus Capsicum using different DNA marker systems. In: Voorrips, R. E., ed., Proceedings of the XIIth EUCARPIA meeting on genetics and breeding of Capsicum and eggplant, Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands, 17-19 May, 2004.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liogier, A. H. 1981–. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-.
  • Liogier, H. A. 1984–. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  • Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  • Moscone, E. A. et al. 2007. The evolution of chili peppers (Capsicum - Solanaceae): a cytogenetic perspective. Acta Hort. 745:137–170.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:87.
  • NatureServe. 2009–. NatureServe Explorer: an online encyclopedia of life (on-line resource).
  • Pickersgill, B. et al. 1979. Numerical taxonomic studies on variation and domestication in some species of Capsicum. 679–699 In: Hawkes, J. G. et al., eds., The biology and taxonomy of the Solanacae. 679–699.
  • Pickersgill, B. 1997. Genetic resources and breeding of Capsicum spp. Euphytica 96:129–133.
  • Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. [treats as C. baccatum].
  • Rodriguez, J. M. et al. 1999. Variation among and within Capsicum species revealed by RAPD markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 99:147–156.
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. 8:136–140 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 8:136–140.
  • Smith, P. G. & C. B. Heiser, Jr. 1951. Taxonomic and genetic studies on the cultivated peppers, Capsicum annuum L. and C. frutescens L. Amer. J. Bot. 38:362–368.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Turner, B. L. et al. 2003. Atlas of the vascular plants of Texas. Sida Botanical Miscellany no. 24.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Walsh, B. M. & S. B. Hoot. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of Capsicum (Solanaceae) using DNA sequences from two noncoding regions: The chloroplast atpB-rbcL spacer region and nuclear waxy introns. Int. J. Pl. Sci. 162:1409–1418.
  • Weakley, A. S. 2007. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia, and surrounding areas.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Capsicum annuum L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Solanaceae Genomics Network

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?8904 (23 October 2014)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print