USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Canna indica L.

Genus: Canna
Family: Cannaceae.
Nomen number: 8858
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:1. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 02-Feb-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 02-Feb-2010
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • African arrowroot   (Source: Use Pl WT Afr [as C. edulis]) – English
  • edible canna   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • Indian-shot   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • purple arrowroot   (Source: Use Pl WT Afr ) – English
  • Queensland arrowroot   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • Sierra Leone arrowroot   (Source: Use Pl WT Afr [as C. edulis]) – English
  • Indiese kanna   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – Afrikaans
  • balisier comestible   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • tous-les-mois   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • eßbares Blumenrohr   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • westindisches Blumenrohr   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • albará   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • bananeirinha-da-Índia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • bananeirinha-de-flor   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • beri   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • caeté-dos-jardins   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cana-da-Índia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • achira   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • caña comestible   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • gruya   (Source: AH 505 ) – Spanish
  • platanillo   (Source: F Guat ) – Spanish
  • yuquilla   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • röd arrowrot   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Tamaulipas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Chiapas, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina - Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Tucuman; Paraguay; Uruguay

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    West Tropical Africa: Guinea
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: South Africa
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Mayotte; Reunion
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Thailand
    Malesia: Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales [e.], Queensland [e.]
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Southwestern Europe: Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, Louisiana, South Carolina
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia; Palau
    South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia; Pitcairn
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; Samoa; Tonga

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated

      Other:
  • exact native range in neotropics obscure

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Angely, J. A. 1965. Flora analitica do Parana.
  • Angely, J. A. 1970–. Flora analítica e fitográfica do Estado de São Paulo.
  • Babu, C. R. 1977. Herbaceous flora of Dehra Dun.
  • Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85.
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976–. Flores des Mascareignes.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Burkill, H. M. 1985–2004. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. [= C. edulis].
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Correa, J. E. & H. Y. Bernal. 1990. Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello. 4:5–59.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith. 2008. Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279.
  • Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates. 9:63–66 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 9:63–66.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. 1978–. Flora de Veracruz.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973–. Flora of Ecuador.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946–1962. Flora de Cuba.; suppl. 1969
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  • Lisowski, S. 2009. Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée. Scripta Botanica Belgica vol. 41 & 42.
  • Maas-van de Kamer, H. & P. J. M. Maas. 2008. The Cannaceae of the world. Blumea 53:277.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Press, J. R. et al. 2000–. Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Segeren, W. & P. J. M. Maas. 1971. The genus Canna in northern South America. Acta Bot. Neerl. 20(6):676–678.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource).
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970–. Flora of Thailand.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Standley, P. C. 1937–1939. Flora of Costa Rica.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Steyermark, J. A. & O. Huber. 1978. Flora del Avila.
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995–. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana.
  • Tanaka, N. 2001. Taxonomic revision of the family Cannaceae in the New World and Asia. Makinoa ser. 2, 1:34–43.
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agric. Handb. no. 505.
  • The Missouri Botanical Garden with others. A Catalogue of the vascular plants of Madagascar (on-line resource).
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Canna indica L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?8858 (29 July 2014)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print