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Taxon: Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC.

Genus: Canavalia
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Phaseoleae subtribe: Diocleinae. Also placed in: Papilionaceae
Nomen number: 8841
Place of publication: Prodr. 2:404. 1825
Name verified on: 26-Oct-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 26-Oct-2009
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).


Common names:


Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Somalia [coasts]
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya [coasts]; Tanzania [coasts]
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon [coasts]; Equatorial Guinea [coasts]; Gabon [coasts]; Sao Tome and Principe [coasts]; Zaire [coasts]
    West Tropical Africa: Benin [coasts]; Cote D'Ivoire [coasts]; Gambia [coasts]; Ghana [coasts]; Guinea-Bissau [coasts]; Liberia [coasts]; Nigeria [coasts]; Senegal [coasts]; Sierra Leone [coasts]; Togo [coasts]
    South Tropical Africa: Angola [coasts]; Mozambique [coasts]
    Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape [coasts], KwaZulu-Natal [coasts], Mpumalanga [coasts]
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar [coasts]; Mauritius [coasts]; Reunion [coasts]
    China: China - Guangdong [coasts], Guangxi [coasts]; Hong Kong [coasts]
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Ryukyu Islands [coasts]; Taiwan [coasts]
    Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh [coasts]; India - Andhra Pradesh [coasts], Goa [coasts], Gujarat [coasts], Karnataka [coasts], Maharashtra [coasts], Orissa [coasts], Tamil Nadu [coasts], West Bengal [coasts]; Sri Lanka [coasts]
    Indo-China: Myanmar [coasts]
    Malesia: Brunei [coasts]; Indonesia [coasts]; Malaysia [coasts]; Papua New Guinea [coasts]; Philippines [coasts]; Singapore [coasts]
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales [coasts], Northern Territory [coasts], Queensland [coasts], Western Australia [n. coasts]
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida [coasts]
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas [s. coasts]
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sinaloa [coasts], Tamaulipas [coasts]
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche [coasts], Chiapas [coasts], Colima [coasts], Guerrero [coasts], Jalisco [coasts], Nayarit [coasts], Oaxaca [coasts], Quintana Roo [coasts], Tabasco [coasts], Veracruz [coasts], Yucatan [coasts]
    Northwestern Pacific: Marshall Islands [coasts]; Micronesia [coasts]
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji [coasts]
    Caribbean: Anguilla [coasts]; Antigua and Barbuda [coasts]; Bahamas [coasts]; Barbados [coasts]; Bermuda [coasts]; Cayman Islands [coasts]; Cuba [coasts]; Dominica [coasts]; Dominican Republic [coasts]; Grenada [coasts]; Guadeloupe [coasts]; Haiti [coasts]; Jamaica [coasts]; Martinique [coasts]; Netherlands Antilles [coasts]; Puerto Rico [coasts]; St. Lucia [coasts]; St. Vincent and Grenadines [coasts]; Trinidad and Tobago [coasts]
    Mesoamerica: Belize [coasts]; Costa Rica [coasts]; Guatemala [coasts]; Honduras [coasts]; Nicaragua [coasts]; Panama [coasts]
    Northern South America: French Guiana [coasts]; Guyana [coasts]; Suriname [coasts]; Venezuela [coasts]
    Brazil: Brazil [coasts]
    Western South America: Colombia [coasts]; Ecuador [coasts]; Peru [coasts]


  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica. [= C. maritima (Aubl.) Urb.].
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960–. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. [= C. maritima (Aubl.) Thouars].
  • Aymard, C. G. 1998. Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC. versus Canavalia maritima (Aubl.) Thouars (Papilionoideae). Ernstia 8:19–25.
  • Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85.
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976–. Flores des Mascareignes.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. 1984. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. [= C. maritima (Aubl.) Thouars].
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Du Puy, D. J. et al. 2002. The Leguminosae of Madagascar.
  • Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan. 1993–. Flora of Taiwan, 2nd ed.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith. 2008. Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279.
  • Fosberg, F. R. et al. 1979–1982. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae.
  • Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Hacker, J. B. 1990. A guide to herbaceous and shrub legumes of Queensland.
  • Harden, G. J., ed. 2002. Flora of New South Wales, ed. 2.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang. 1987. Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117. [= C. maritima (Aubl.) Thouars].
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Isely, D. 1998. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii).
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Jardim e Museu Agricola do Ultramar, Portugal. 1972–. Flora de Sao Tome e Principe.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  • Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption.
  • Lewis, G. P. 1987. Legumes of Bahia.
  • Liogier, A. H. 1981–. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. [= C. maritima (Aubl.) Thouars].
  • Liogier, H. A. 1984–. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. [= C. maritima (Aubl.) Thouars].
  • Lisowski, S. 2009. Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée. Scripta Botanica Belgica vol. 41 & 42.
  • Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford. 2004. Legumes of Malesia: a checklist.
  • Lock, J. M. & J. Heald. 1994. Legumes of Indochina: a checklist.
  • Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist.
  • Missouri Botanical Garden. W³Tropicos (on-line resource).
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI.
  • Sauer, J. 1964. Revision of Canavalia. Brittonia 16:164. [= C. maritima (Aubl.) Thouars].
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource).
  • Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross. 1983–1989. Flora of south-eastern Queensland.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995–. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana.
  • Thulin, M., ed. 1993–. Flora of Somalia.
  • Turner, B. L. et al. 2003. Atlas of the vascular plants of Texas. Sida Botanical Miscellany no. 24.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Verdcourt, B. 1979. A manual of New Guinea legumes.
  • Wagstaff, D. J. 2008. International poisonous plants checklist: an evidence-based reference.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama. [= C. maritima (Aubl.) Thouars].
  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida.
  • Zhu, X. Y. et al. 2007. Legumes of China: a checklist. [= C. maritima (Aubl.) Thouars].


Check other web resources for Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC.:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images or nodulation data:

  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (04 September 2015)

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