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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Buxus sempervirens L.

Genus: Buxus
Family: Buxaceae.
Nomen number: 8212
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:983. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 09-Sep-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA).
Accessions: 11 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

  • box   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • boxtree   (Source: Boxwood Ency ) – English
  • boxwood   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • boxwoodtree   (Source: Boxwood Ency ) – English
  • Caucasian boxwood   (Source: Boxwood Ency ) – English
  • common box   (Source: Pl Book ) – English
  • common boxwood   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • European box   (Source: Pl Book ) – English
  • French boxwood   (Source: Boxwood Ency ) – English
  • Persian boxwood   (Source: Boxwood Ency ) – English
  • Turkish boxwood   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • árvore-da-caixa   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • buxinho   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • buxo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • buxbom   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Iran [n.]; Turkey
    Caucasus: Azerbaijan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Germany; Switzerland
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia]
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal [incl. Azores]; Spain

      Naturalized:
  • naturalized elsewhere

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Batdorf, L. R. 2004. Boxwood: An illustrated encyclopedia.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931–1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. [poisonous].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Meyer, F. G. et al. 1994. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  • St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Yunnan Inst. Bot. & Kunming Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci., eds. 1977–. Flora yunnanica.
  • Zohary, M. et al. 1980–. Conspectus florae orientalis.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Buxus sempervirens L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Buxus sempervirens cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?8212 (01 August 2014)

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