USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Bromus catharticus Vahl

Genus: Bromus subgenus: Ceratochloa
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Pooideae tribe: Bromeae
Nomen number: 7785
Place of publication: Symb. bot. 2:22. 1791
Comment: has been discarded as a nom. confus. by some in past
Name verified on: 14-May-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 20-Nov-2007
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • grazing brome   (Source: NZeal J Agric Res [as B. stamineus]) – English   [Bromus catharticus var. elatus]
  • prairie grass   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English   [Bromus catharticus var. catharticus]
  • rescue grass   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Bromus catharticus var. catharticus]
  • Schrader's bromegrass   (Source: Grass US ) – English   [Bromus catharticus var. catharticus]
  • bian sui que mai   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Bromus catharticus var. catharticus]
  • brome de Schrader   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Bromus catharticus var. catharticus]
  • Horntrespe   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Bromus catharticus var. catharticus]
  • bromo di Schrader   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Bromus catharticus var. catharticus]
  • bromo-de-Schrader   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Bromus catharticus var. catharticus]
  • cebadilla   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Bromus catharticus var. catharticus]
  • cebadilla australiana   (Source: Novon 8:59. 1998) – Spanish   [Bromus catharticus var. catharticus]
  • cebadilla criolla   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Bromus catharticus var. catharticus]
  • cebadillo pampeana   (Source: Novon 8:54. 1998) – Spanish   [Bromus catharticus var. rupestris]
  • triguillo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Bromus catharticus var. catharticus]
  • plattlosta   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Bromus catharticus var. catharticus]

Economic importance:

Distributional range:

    Northern South America: Venezuela - Federal District, Lara, Merida
    Brazil: Brazil - Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo
    Western South America: Bolivia - Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosi; Colombia - Antioquia, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Narino, Norte de Santander; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina - Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Tucuman; Chile - Antofagasta, Coquimbo, Santiago; Paraguay; Uruguay

  • widely naturalized elsewhere


  • Acedo, C. & F. Llamas. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22:257–263.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Cronquist, A. et al. 1972–. Intermountain flora. [= nom. confus., = B. willdenowii Kunth].
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. [= name misapplied to B. willdenowii Kunth].
  • Hitchcock, A. S. 1927. Grasses of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 24:291-556. [= B. unioloides Kunth].
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Matthei, O. 1986. El género Bromus (Poaceae) in Chile. Gayana, Bot. 43:86.
  • Pavlick, L. 1995. Bromus L. of North America. 102.
  • Peterson, P. M. & A. M. Planchuelo. 1998. Bromus catharticus in South America (Poaceae: Bromeae). Novon 8:53–60.
  • Pinto-Escobar, P. 1976. Nota sobre el ejemplar tipo de "Bromus catharticus" Vahl. Caldasia 11:9–16.
  • Pinto-Escobar, P. 1981. Bromus in northern South America. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 102:445–457.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Renvoize, S. A. 1998. Gramineas de Bolivia.
  • Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú. Ruizia 13:139.
  • Veldkamp, J. F. et al. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35:487–488.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catalogo de la familia Poaceae en la Republica Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47.


Check other web resources for Bromus catharticus Vahl:


  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Florets: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print