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Taxon: Brassica tournefortii Gouan

Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Brassiceae.
Nomen number: 7691
Place of publication: Ill. observ. bot. 44, t. 20a. 1773
Name verified on: 07-Jun-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 26 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
NV*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • African mustard   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English
  • Asian mustard   (Source: Biol Breed Crucif) – English
  • long-fruit turnip   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • Mediterranean mustard   (Source: F NZeal ) – English
  • Mediterranean turnip   (Source: Econ Pl Aust ) – English
  • pale cabbage   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • Saharan mustard   (Source: Biol Breed Crucif) – English
  • wild turnip   (Source: Misc Publ USDA 643) – English
  • qarras   (Source: Ill L Qatar ) – Arabic
  • shiltam   (Source: Ill L Qatar ) – Arabic
More:

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: cytoplasmic male sterility for rape   (fide Physiol Pl (Copenhagen) 96:123. 1996)
  • Gene sources: potential for gene transfer in rape   (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 53:298. 2006)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of cabbage/kale   (based on low hybrid production in crosess with Brassica oleracea fide Euphytica 158:213. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage   (based on hybrids with Brassica carinata by embryo culture fide Cruc Newsl 16:32. 1994)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of black mustard   (fide Euphytica 158:217. 2007, based on hybrid production in crosses with B. nigra)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of mustard   (based on records of ovary derived hybrids with Brassica juncea fide Warwick et al. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of radish   (fide Theor Appl Genet 101:990. 2000, based on hybrid production in crosses with Raphanus sativus var. mougri (as caudatus))
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape   (fide Euphytica 158:217. 2007, based on hybrid production in crosses with B. napus)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of turnip   (fide Euphytica 158:213, 216. 2007, based on hybrid production in crosses with B. rapa)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Weed CIBA; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Egypt; Libya [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain; Kuwait; Oman; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Azerbaijan
    Middle Asia: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Southeastern Europe: Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]
    Southwestern Europe: Spain [e. & s.]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Western Cape
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: United Kingdom
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte

References:

  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya.
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Anderson, J. K. & S. I. Warwick. 1999. Chromosome number evolution in the tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae): evidence from isozyme number. Pl. Syst. Evol. 215:255–285.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989–. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  • Choudhary, B. R. et al. 2000. Synthesis, morphology and cytogenetics of Raphanofortii (TTRR, 2n=38): a new amphidiploid of hybrid Brassica torunefortii (TT, 2n=20) × Raphanus caudatus (RR, 2n=18). Theor. Appl. Genet. 101:990–999.
  • Clapham, A. R. et al. 1962. Flora of the British Isles ed. 2.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • FitzJohn, R. G. et al. 2007. Hybridisation within Brassica and allied genera: evaluation of potential for transgene escape. Euphytica 158:209–230.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Gupta, S. K. 2009. Biology and breeding of Crucifers.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California.
  • Inaba, R. & T. Nishio. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of Brassiceae based on the nucleotide sequences of the S-locus related gene, SLR1. Theor. Appl. Genet. 105:1159–1165.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Joshi, P. & B. R. Choudhary. 1999. Interspecific hybridization in Brassica. I. B. carinata × B. tournefortii.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Liu, J.-H. et al. 1996. Transfer of the Brassica tournefortii cytoplasm to B. napus for the production of cytoplasmic male sterile B. napus. Physiol. Pl. (Copenhagen) 96:123–129.
  • Lokanadha, R. D. & N. Saria. 1994. Hybridization of Brassica tournefortii and cultivated Brassicas. Cruciferae Newslett. E. U. C. A. R. P. I. A. 16:32–33.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Middleditch, B. S. & A. M. Amer. 1991. Kuwaiti plants: distribution, traditional medicine, phytochemistry,. economic value (Studies in Plant Science 2).
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996–. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  • Musil, A. F. 1948. Distinguishing species of Brassica by their seeds. Misc. Publ. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 643:1–35.
  • Nagpal, R. et al. 2008. Molecular systematics of Brassica and allied genera in subtribes Brassicinae, Raphaninae, Moricandiinae, and Cakilinae (Brassicaceae, tribe Brassiceae); the organization and evolution of ribosomal gene families. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157:545–557.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Pradhan, A. K. et al. 1992. Phylogeny of Brassica and allied genera based on variation in chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA patterns: molecular and taxonomic classifications are incongruous. Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:331–340.
  • Prakash, S. et al. 1982. Interspecific hybridization involving wild and cultivated genomes in the genus Brassica. Cruciferae Newslett. E. U. C. A. R. P. I. A. 7:28–29.
  • Prakash, S. 1974. Haploid meiosis and origin of Brassica tournefortii Gouan. Euphytica 23:591–595.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rollins, R. C. & I. A. Al-Shehbaz. 1986. Weeds of south-west Asia in North America with special reference to the Cruciferae. Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 89B:293.
  • Sánchez-Yélamo, M. D. et al. 1992. Comparative electrophoretic studies of seed proteins in some species of the genera Diplotaxis, Erucastrum, and Brassica (Cruciferae: Brassiceae). Taxon 41:477–483.
  • Song, K. et al. 1990. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 3. Genome relationships in Brassica and related genera and the origin of B. oleracea and B. rapa (syn. campestris). Theor. Appl. Genet. 79:497–506.
  • Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Warwick, S. I. & C. A. Sauder. 2005. Phylogeny of tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae) based on chloroplast restriction site polymorphisms and nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast trnL intron sequences. Canad. J. Bot. 83:467–483.
  • Warwick, S. I. & L. D. Black. 1991. Molecular systematics of Brassica and allied genera (Subtribe Brassicinae, Brassiceae) - chloroplast genome and cytodeme congruence. Theor. Appl. Genet. 82:81–92.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249–258. [lists in database].
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Genetic variation of Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata A. Braun) germplasm in western Canada. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 53:297–312.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2009. PART III. Interspecific and intergeneric hybridization data. 1–91 In: Warwick, S.I. et al., Guide to wild germplasm of Brassica and allied crops (Tribe Brassiceae, Brassicaceae), ed. 3 (on-line resource). 1–91.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Wiggins, I. L. 1980. Flora of Baja California.
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
More:

Check other web resources for Brassica tournefortii Gouan:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?7691 (17 April 2014)

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