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Taxon: Brassica tournefortii Gouan

Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 7691
Place of publication: Ill. observ. bot. 44, t. 20a. 1773
Name verified on: 07-Jun-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 26 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • African mustard   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English
  • Asian mustard   (Source: Biol Breed Crucif) – English
  • long-fruit turnip   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • Mediterranean mustard   (Source: F NZeal ) – English
  • Mediterranean turnip   (Source: Econ Pl Aust ) – English
  • pale cabbage   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • Saharan mustard   (Source: Biol Breed Crucif) – English
  • wild turnip   (Source: Misc Publ USDA 643) – English
  • qarras   (Source: Ill L Qatar ) – Arabic
  • shiltam   (Source: Ill L Qatar ) – Arabic

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: cytoplasmic male sterility for rape   (fide Physiol Pl (Copenhagen) 96:123. 1996)
  • Gene sources: potential for gene transfer in rape   (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 53:298. 2006)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of cabbage/kale   (based on low hybrid production in crosess with Brassica oleracea fide Euphytica 158:213. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage   (based on hybrids with Brassica carinata by embryo culture fide Cruc Newsl 16:32. 1994)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of black mustard   (fide Euphytica 158:217. 2007, based on hybrid production in crosses with B. nigra)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of mustard   (based on records of ovary derived hybrids with Brassica juncea fide Warwick et al. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of radish   (fide Theor Appl Genet 101:990. 2000, based on hybrid production in crosses with Raphanus sativus var. mougri (as caudatus))
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape   (fide Euphytica 158:217. 2007, based on hybrid production in crosses with B. napus)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of turnip   (fide Euphytica 158:213, 216. 2007, based on hybrid production in crosses with B. rapa)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Weed CIBA; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Egypt; Libya [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
    Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain; Kuwait; Oman; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Azerbaijan
    Middle Asia: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
    Southeastern Europe: Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]
    Southwestern Europe: Spain [e. & s.]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Western Cape
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte


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  • Anderson, J. K. & S. I. Warwick. 1999. Chromosome number evolution in the tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae): evidence from isozyme number. Pl. Syst. Evol. 215:255–285.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989–. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
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  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
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  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Liu, J.-H. et al. 1996. Transfer of the Brassica tournefortii cytoplasm to B. napus for the production of cytoplasmic male sterile B. napus. Physiol. Pl. (Copenhagen) 96:123–129.
  • Lokanadha, R. D. & N. Saria. 1994. Hybridization of Brassica tournefortii and cultivated Brassicas. Cruciferae Newslett. E. U. C. A. R. P. I. A. 16:32–33.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
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  • Musil, A. F. 1948. Distinguishing species of Brassica by their seeds. Misc. Publ. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 643:1–35.
  • Nagpal, R. et al. 2008. Molecular systematics of Brassica and allied genera in subtribes Brassicinae, Raphaninae, Moricandiinae, and Cakilinae (Brassicaceae, tribe Brassiceae); the organization and evolution of ribosomal gene families. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157:545–557.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
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  • Prakash, S. et al. 1982. Interspecific hybridization involving wild and cultivated genomes in the genus Brassica. Cruciferae Newslett. E. U. C. A. R. P. I. A. 7:28–29.
  • Prakash, S. 1974. Haploid meiosis and origin of Brassica tournefortii Gouan. Euphytica 23:591–595.
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  • Sánchez-Yélamo, M. D. et al. 1992. Comparative electrophoretic studies of seed proteins in some species of the genera Diplotaxis, Erucastrum, and Brassica (Cruciferae: Brassiceae). Taxon 41:477–483.
  • Song, K. et al. 1990. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 3. Genome relationships in Brassica and related genera and the origin of B. oleracea and B. rapa (syn. campestris). Theor. Appl. Genet. 79:497–506.
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Check other web resources for Brassica tournefortii Gouan:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Brassica Genome Gateway
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Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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