USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Brassica oleracea L.

Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Brassiceae.
Nomen number: 7668
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:667. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 16-May-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 06-Jun-2011
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9).
Accessions: 82 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • asparagus broccoli   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • Bedford cabbage   (Source: Mansfeld ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • borecole   (Source: BJ Linn Soc 101:339.) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • braganza   (Source: Mansfeld ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • branching bush kale   (Source: Mansfeld ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • branching cabbage   (Source: Mansfeld ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • broccoli   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • Brussels sprouts   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera]
  • bush kale   (Source: Gentes Herb 1:77) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • cabbage   (Source: Dict Econ Pl ) – English
  • cabbage   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • cabbage turnip   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes]
  • calabrese   (Source: Baileya 23:30. 1989) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • Cape broccoli   (Source: Econ Bot 36:397-410.) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • cauliflower   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. botrytis]
  • Chinese broccoli   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra]
  • Chinese kale   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra]
  • collards   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • cow cabbage   (Source: IllF MEur ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • curled kitchen kale   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • curlies   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • curly kale   (Source: BJ Linn Soc 101:339.) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • decorative kale   (Source: Zander Ency [as B. oleracea var. acephala]) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • flowering cabbage   (Source: Zander Ency [as B. oleracea var. acephala]) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • flowering kale   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • fodder kale   (Source: UPOV ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • giant Jersey kale   (Source: J Pl Nutr ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. palmifolia]
  • heading broccoli   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • Jersey kale   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. palmifolia]
  • kale   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • kale   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • kohlrabi   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes]
  • marrow-stem kale   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. medullosa]
  • ornamental cabbage   (Source: Flow India ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • ornamental kale   (Source: Flow India ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • palm kale   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. palmifolia]
  • palm-tree kale   (Source: IllF MEur ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. palmifolia]
  • perennial kale   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • perpetual kale   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • Portuguese cabbage   (Source: Theor Appl Genet ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • Portuguese cole   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • Portuguese kale   (Source: Gent Herb 1:75. 1922) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • Portuguese tree kale   (Source: Theor Appl Genet ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • purple cauliflower   (Source: Econ Bot 36:399.1982) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • red cabbage   (Source: J. McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • Savoy cabbage   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • Scotch kale   (Source: Mansf Ency [but this adjective is best avoided, may cause offence in Scotland]) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • Scottish kale   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • seakale cabbage   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • Shetland cabbage   (Source: Euphytica 133:280.) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • spring-heading cabbage   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • sprouting broccoli   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • stem turnip   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes]
  • tall kale   (Source: Mansfeld ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • thousand-head kale   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • tree kale   (Source: Gentes Herb 1:76) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. palmifolia]
  • tree kale   (Source: Mansfeld ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • tronchuda cabbage   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • tronchuda kale   (Source: Hortus 3 [as B. oleracea var. tronchuda]) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • turnip cabbage   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes]
  • turnip kale   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes]
  • white cabbage   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • wild cabbage   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • wild cabbage   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. oleracea]
  • winter broccoli   (Source: Econ Bot 36:397.1982) – English   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • bai hua gan lan   (Source: F ChinaEng [as B. oleracea var. albiflora]) – Transcribed Chinese   [Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra]
  • bao zi gan lan   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera]
  • gan lan   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • hua ye cai   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Brassica oleracea var. botrytis]
  • lu hua cai   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • pie lan   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes]
  • ye gan lan   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • yu yi gan lan   (Source: F ChinaEng [as B. oleracea var. acephala]) – Transcribed Chinese   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • hovedkaal   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Danish   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • savojkaal   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Danish   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • eeuwig moes   (Source: Euphytica 41:59.) – Dutch   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • savooiekool   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Dutch   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • splijtkool   (Source: Euphytica 41:59.) – Dutch   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • splijtmoes   (Source: Euphytica 41:59.) – Dutch   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • stekkool   (Source: Euphytica 41:59.) – Dutch   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • brocoli asperge   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • caulet   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • chou à grosses côtes   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • chou à mille pommes   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera]
  • chou à mille têtes   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • chou branchu   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • chou brocoli   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. botrytis]
  • chou brocoli   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • chou cabus   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • chou cavalier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • chou cloqué   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • chou commun   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • chou d'aigrette   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • chou de Bruxelles   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera]
  • chou de Milan   (Source: UPOV ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • chou de Savoie   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • chou en arbre   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • chou fleur   (Source: L Noms French ed6 [as B. oleracea]) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. botrytis]
  • chou fleur d'hiver   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. botrytis]
  • chou fourrager   (Source: UPOV ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • chou frangé   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • chou frisé   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • chou frisé   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • chou lacinié   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • chou moellier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. medullosa]
  • chou mollier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. medullosa]
  • chou palmier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. palmifolia]
  • chou pommé   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • chou pommé frisé   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • chou rave   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes]
  • chou rouge   (Source: UPOV ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • chou tronchuda   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • chou vert   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • chou vivace   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • Blätterkohl   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • Blattkohl   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • Blaukraut   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • Blumenkohl   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. botrytis]
  • brüsseler Kohl   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera]
  • Braunkohl   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • Brokkoli   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • chinesischer Brokkoli   (Source: Dict Rehm [as B. alboglabra]) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra]
  • chinesischer Kohl   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra]
  • Federkohl   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • Futterkohl   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • Grünkohl   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • italienischer Kohl   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. palmifolia]
  • Kohl   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Kohlrabi   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes]
  • Kopfbrokkoli   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. botrytis]
  • Krauskohl   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • Kuhkohl   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • Markkohl   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. medullosa]
  • Markstammkohl   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. medullosa]
  • Palmkohl   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. palmifolia]
  • portugiesischer Kohl   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • Rippenkohl   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • Rosen-Wirsing   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera]
  • Rosenkohl   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera]
  • Rotkohl   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • Spargelkohl   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • Sprossenbrokkoli   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • Staudenkohl   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • Strauchkohl   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • Tausendkopfkohl   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • Tronchudakohl   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • Weißkohl   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • Welschkohl   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • Wild-Kohl   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. oleracea]
  • Wirsing   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • Zier-Kohl   (Source: Zander Ency [as B. oleracea var. acephala]) – German   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • kailan   (Source: Pl Res SEAs ) – Indonesian   [Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra]
  • cavola di Bruxelles   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera]
  • cavolfiore   (Source: F Ital [as B. oleracea convar. botrytis]) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. botrytis]
  • cavolo   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. medullosa]
  • cavolo   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • cavolo a germoglio   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera]
  • cavolo broccolo   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • cavolo cappuccio   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • cavolo cappuccio bianco   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • cavolo cappuccio rosso   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • cavolo cappucio conico   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • cavolo da foglia   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. medullosa]
  • cavolo de Bruxelles   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera]
  • cavolo di Milano   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • cavolo fiore   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. botrytis]
  • cavolo laciniato   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • cavolo rapa   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes]
  • cavolo verza   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • cavolo verzetto   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • col rabano   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian   [Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes]
  • hana-yasai   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Brassica oleracea var. botrytis]
  • kanran   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • karifurawā   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Brassica oleracea var. botrytis]
  • kyabetsu   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • me-kyabetsu   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera]
  • saboi-kyabetsu   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • kailan   (Source: Pl Res SEAs ) – Malay   [Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra]
  • brócoli   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • couve-crespa   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • couve-de-Bruxelas   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera]
  • couve-de-nervuras   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Portuguese   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • couve-de-Sabóia   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • couve-do-Algarve   (Source: Euphytica 69:51.) – Portuguese   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • couve-flor   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Brassica oleracea var. botrytis]
  • couve-Manteiga   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Portuguese   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • couve-penca   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Portuguese   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • couve-portuguesa   (Source: Dict Rehm [as B. oleracea var. viridis]) – Portuguese   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • couve-rábano   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes]
  • couve-repolho   (Source: Euphytica 75:222.) – Portuguese   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • couve-repolho   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Portuguese   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • couve-tronchuda   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Portuguese   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • gaillon   (Source: Genet Mol Biol) – Portuguese   [Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra]
  • repolho   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • braunkol'   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • kapusta brjussel'skaja   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian   [Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera]
  • kapusta cvetnaja   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian   [Brassica oleracea var. botrytis]
  • kapusta savojskaja   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • kočanaja kapusta   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • kol'rabi   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian   [Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes]
  • mozgovaja kapusta   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian   [Brassica oleracea var. medullosa]
  • berza común   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • brécol   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • brócoli   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • brecolera   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. italica]
  • col   (Source: Names Soukup ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • col crespa   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. sabellica]
  • col de Bruselas   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera]
  • col de meollo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. medullosa]
  • col de mil cabezas   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. ramosa]
  • col de Milán   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • col de pezon grueso   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • col de Saboya   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • col forrajera   (Source: UPOV ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. viridis]
  • col lombarda   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. sabauda]
  • col medular   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. medullosa]
  • col meollosa   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. medullosa]
  • col rábano   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes]
  • col repollo   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • col tronchuda   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. costata]
  • coliflor   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. botrytis]
  • colinabo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes]
  • colirrábano   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes]
  • lombarda   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • repollo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. capitata]
  • repollo de Bruselas   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera]
  • kål   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: drought resistance for Abyssinian cabbage   (fide Pl Breed (NY) 121:168. 2002)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of Abyssinian cabbage   (fide Euphytica 158:216. 2007)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of rape   (fide Theor Appl Genet 65:201. 1983)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of black mustard   (fide Euphytica 158:217, 220. 2007, based on crosses with B. nigra mostly involving embryo rescue technique)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of rape   (fide Transgen Res 3:274. 1994, based on its ability to produce hybrids with B. napus)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of turnip   (fide Euphytica 69:13. 1993, based on hybrid formation with most pollen grains being sterile; Proc Natl Acad Sci 92:7719. 1995)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage   (based on records of successful hybridization with Brassica carinata fide Euphytica 158:213. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of arugula   (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with Eruca vesicaria)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of mustard   (fide Euphytica 136:313. 2004, based on hybrid production with B. juncea through in vitro techniques)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of radish   (fide Pl Breed(NY) 121:168. 2002, records hybrids with Raphanus sativus through embryo rescue)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of white mustard   (based on records of hybrid formation with Sinapis alba by embryo rescue and protoplast fusion fide Guide Germ Brassica)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (to livestock fide Kellerman et al.)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: United Kingdom [coasts]
    Middle Europe: Germany - Schleswig-Holstein
    Southwestern Europe: France [w. & n. coasts]; Spain [n. coast]

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allender, C. J. et al. 2007. Simple sequence repeats reveal uneven distribution of genetic diversity in chloroplast genomes of Brassica oleracea L. and (n=9) wild relatives. Theor. Appl. Genet. 114:609–618.
  • Anderson, J. K. & S. I. Warwick. 1999. Chromosome number evolution in the tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae): evidence from isozyme number. Pl. Syst. Evol. 215:255–285.
  • Arumugam, N. et al. 2002. Synthesis of somatic hybrids (RCBB) by fusing heat-tolerant Raphanus sativus (RR) and Brassica oleracea (CC) with Brassica nigra (BB). Pl. Breed. (New York) 121:168–170.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Bothmer, R. von et al. 1995. Brassica sect. Brassica (Brassicaceae). II. Inter- and intraspecific crosses with cultivars of B. oleracea. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 42:165–178.
  • Chèvre, A. M. et al. 1997. Identification of the different Brassica nigra chromosomes from both sets of B. oleracea-B. nigra and B. napus-B. nigra addition lines with a special emphasis on chromosome transmission . Theor. Appl. Genet. 94:603–611.
  • Cheung, F. et al. 2009. Comparative analysis between homoeologous genome segments of Brassica napus and its progenitor species reveals extensive sequence-level divergence. Pl. Cell 21:1912–1928.
  • Chrungu, B. et al. 1999. Production and characterization of interspecific hybrids between Brassica maurorum and crop brassicas. Theor. Appl. Genet. 98:608–613.
  • Clapham, A. R. et al. 1962. Flora of the British Isles ed. 2.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Divaret, I. et al. 1999. RAPD markers on seed bulks efficiently assess the genetic diversity of a Brassica oleracea L. collection. Theor. Appl. Genet. 98:1029–1035.
  • Ellis, P. R. et al. 1999. Identification of high levels of resistance to cabbage root fly, Delia radicum, in wild Brassica species. Euphytica 110:207–214.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Erickson, L. R. et al. 1983. Restriction patterns reveal origins of chloroplast genomes in Brassica amphiploids. Theor. Appl. Genet. 65:201–206.
  • Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • FitzJohn, R. G. et al. 2007. Hybridisation within Brassica and allied genera: evaluation of potential for transgene escape. Euphytica 158:209–230.
  • Hansen, L. N. & E. D. Earle. 1995. Transfer of resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv campestris into Brassica oleracea L. by protoplast fusion. Theor. Appl. Genet. 91:1293–1300.
  • Hansen, L. N. & E. D. Earle. 1997. Somatic hybrids between Brassica oleracea L. and Sinapis alba L. with resistance to Alternaria brassicae (Berk.) Sacc. Theor. Appl. Genet. 94:1078–1085.
  • Inaba, R. & T. Nishio. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of Brassiceae based on the nucleotide sequences of the S-locus related gene, SLR1. Theor. Appl. Genet. 105:1159–1165.
  • Iniguez-Luy, F. L. et al. 2009. Development of public immortal mapping populations, molecular markers and linkage maps for rapid cycling Brassica rapa and B. oleracea. Theor. Appl. Genet. 120:31–43.
  • Inomata, N. 2002. A cytogenetic study of the progenies of hybrids between Brassica napus and Brassica oleracea, Brassica bourgeaui, Brassica cretica and Brassica montana. Pl. Breed. (New York) 121:174–176.
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Kalia, P. 2009. Chapter 16. Genetic improvement in vegetable crucifers. 310–342 In: Gupta, S. K., Biology and breeding of Crucifers. 310–342.
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa.
  • Kianian, S. F. & C. F. Quiros. 1992. Trait inheritance, fertility, and genomic relationships of some n=9 Brassica species. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 39:165–175.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lázaro, A. & I. Aguinagalde. 1998. Genetic diversity in Brassica oleracea L. (Cruciferae) and wild relatives (2n=18) using RAPD markers. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 82:829–833.
  • Lázaro, A. & I. Aguinagalde. 1998. Genetic diversity in Brassica oleracea L. (Cruciferae) and wild relatives (2n=18) using isozymes. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 82:821–828.
  • Lanné C. et al. 1996. Genetic validity of RAPD markers at the intra- and inter-specific level in wild Brassica species with n=9. Theor. Appl. Genet. 93:9–14.
  • Lannér-Herrera, C. et al. 1996. Diversity in natural populations of wild Brassica oleracea as estimated by isozyme and RAPD analysis. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 43:13–23.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  • Mei, J. et al. 2010. Genomic relationships between wild and cultivated Brassica oleracea L. with emphasis on the origination of cultivated crops. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 57:1–15.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Nagpal, R. et al. 2008. Molecular systematics of Brassica and allied genera in subtribes Brassicinae, Raphaninae, Moricandiinae, and Cakilinae (Brassicaceae, tribe Brassiceae); the organization and evolution of ribosomal gene families. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157:545–557.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Nieuwhof, M. 1969. Cole crops. 1–353.
  • Panda, S. et al. 2003. Chloroplast and nuclear DNA studies in a few members of the Brassica oleracea L. group using PCR-RFLP and ISSR-PCR markers: a population genetic analysis. Theor. Appl. Genet. 106:1122–1128.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Pradhan, A. K. et al. 1992. Phylogeny of Brassica and allied genera based on variation in chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA patterns: molecular and taxonomic classifications are incongruous. Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:331–340.
  • Prakash, S. & K. Hinata. 1980. Taxonomy, cytogenetics and origin of crop brassicas, a review. Opera Bot. 55:9.
  • Rygulla, W. et al. 2007. Broadening the genetic basis of Verticillium longisporum resistance in Brassica napus by interspecific hybridization. Phytopathology 97:1391–1396.
  • Scheffler, J. A. & P. J. Dale. 1994. Opportunities for gene transfer from transgenic oilseed rape (Brassica napus) to related species. Transgenic Res. 3:263–278.
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. 8:108 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 8:108.
  • Snogerup, S. 1980. Chapter 7. The wild forms of the Brassica oleracea group (2n=18) and their possible relations to the cultivated ones. 121–132 In: Tsunoda, S. et al., Brassica crop and wild allies, biology and breeding. 121–132.
  • Snowdon, R. et al. 2007. Chapter 7. Brassica oilseeds. 196–230 In: Singh, R. J. et al., eds., Genetic resources, chromosome engineering, and crop improvement. 196–230.
  • Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 1. Genome evolution of diploid and amphidiploid species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 75:784–794.
  • Song, K. et al. 1990. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 3. Genome relationships in Brassica and related genera and the origin of B. oleracea and B. rapa (syn. campestris). Theor. Appl. Genet. 79:497–506.
  • Song, K. et al. 1995. Rapid genome change in synthetic polyploids of Brassica and its implications for polyploid evolution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 92:7719–7723.
  • Takahata, Y. & K. Hinata. 1983. Studies on cytodemes in subtribe Brassicinae (Cruciferae). Tohoku J. Agric. Res. 33:111–124.
  • Tonguç, M. & P. D. Griffiths. 2004. Development of black rot resistant interspecific hybrids between Brassica oleracea L. cultivars and Brassica accession A 19182, using embryo rescue. Euphytica 136:313–318.
  • Tonguç, M. & P. D. Griffiths. 2004. Genetic relationships of Brassica vegetables determined usind database derived simple sequence repeats. Euphytica 137:193–201.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  • Velasco, L. et al. 1998. Variability for the fatty acid composition of the seed oil in a germplasm collection of the genus Brassica. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 45:371–382.
  • Warwick, S. I. & C. A. Sauder. 2005. Phylogeny of tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae) based on chloroplast restriction site polymorphisms and nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast trnL intron sequences. Canad. J. Bot. 83:467–483.
  • Warwick, S. I. & L. D. Black. 1991. Molecular systematics of Brassica and allied genera (Subtribe Brassicinae, Brassiceae) - chloroplast genome and cytodeme congruence. Theor. Appl. Genet. 82:81–92.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2009. PART III. Interspecific and intergeneric hybridization data. 1–91 In: Warwick, S.I. et al., Guide to wild germplasm of Brassica and allied crops (Tribe Brassiceae, Brassicaceae), ed. 3 (on-line resource). 1–91.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Brassica oleracea L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Brassica Genome Gateway
Jump to BrassicaDB

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?7668 (18 April 2014)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print