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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

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Taxon: Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.

Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Brassiceae.
Nomen number: 7654
Place of publication: Consp. pl. charc. 8. 1859 Mar (E. Cosson, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 6(8):609. 1860 Jan)
Name verified on: 02-Jun-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 481 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AK°, AZ°, CO°, IA°, IL°, MA°, MI°, NE°, PA°, SD°, WI°, WV°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • big-stem mustard   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. tsatsai var. tumida]
  • brown mustard   (Source: PROTA4U ) – English
  • brown mustard   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]
  • cabbage-leaf mustard   (Source: Wealth of India) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. rugosa]
  • canola   (Source: P. O'Sullivan, p.c.) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]
  • chicken mustard   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. tsatsai var. multiceps]
  • Chinese mustard   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 8:104.) – English
  • chopped mustard   (Source: Herklots 1972) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. strumata]
  • curled mustard   (Source: Gent Herb 2:264.1930) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. crispifolia]
  • cut-leaf mustard   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. crispifolia]
  • cut-leaf mustard   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. japonica]
  • dissected-leaf mustard   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. crispifolia]
  • dissected-leaf mustard   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. japonica]
  • hakka mustard   (Source: Pl Names ) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. longidens]
  • head mustard   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. rugosa]
  • horned mustard   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. strumata]
  • India mustard   (Source: Federal Seed Act ) – English
  • Indian mustard   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • Indian mustard   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]
  • large-petiole mustard   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. strumata]
  • large-root mustard   (Source: Opera Bot 55:16.1980 [as Brassica juncea var. napiformis]) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. napiformis]
  • leaf mustard   (Source: Gent Herb 2:263.1930 [as Brassica juncea var. foliosa]) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. subintegrifolia]
  • leaf mustard   (Source: PROTA4U ) – English
  • multishoot mustard   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. tsatsai var. multiceps]
  • nine-head mustard   (Source: Herklots 1972) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. tsatsai var. multiceps]
  • oilseed mustard   (Source: Genet Res Crop Evol ) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]
  • Oriental mustard   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • ostrich-plume   (Source: Gent Herb 2:264.1930) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. crispifolia]
  • root mustard   (Source: J. McFerson, p.c.) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. napiformis]
  • southern curled mustard   (Source: Gent Herb 2:264.1930) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. crispifolia]
  • Swatow mustard   (Source: Herklots 1972) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. rugosa]
  • swollen-stem mustard   (Source: Herklots 1972) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. tsatsai var. tumida]
  • tuberous-root mustard   (Source: Kitamura 1950 [as Brassica juncea var. napiformis]) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. napiformis]
  • turnip-root mustard   (Source: Gent Herb 2:257.1930 [as Brassica juncea var. napiformis]) – English   [Brassica juncea subsp. napiformis]
  • vegetable mustard   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 8:104.) – English
  • jie cai   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • jie cai   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]
  • jie cai ge da   (Source: F ChinaEng [as Brassica juncea var. napiformis]) – Transcribed Chinese   [Brassica juncea subsp. napiformis]
  • shui cai   (Source: Pl Names ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. japonica]
  • zha cai   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Brassica juncea subsp. tsatsai var. tumida]
  • moutarde brune   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]
  • moutarde brune   (Source: PROTA4U ) – French
  • moutarde de Chine   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. rugosa]
  • moutarde de Chine   (Source: PROTA4U ) – French
  • moutarde de Sarepta   (Source: PROTA4U ) – French
  • moutarde frisée   (Source: PROTA4U ) – French
  • moutarde indienne   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 8:104.) – French
  • brauner Senf   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]
  • brauner Senf   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Ruten-Kohl   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Sarepta-Senf   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Sareptasenf   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]
  • rai   (Source: Wealth India RM ) – India   [Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]
  • raya   (Source: Wealth India RM ) – India   [Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]
  • sawi   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 8:104.) – Indonesian
  • sesawi   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 8:104.) – Indonesian
  • senape indiana   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • irana   (Source: Kitamura 1950) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. japonica]
  • karashi   (Source: Kitamura 1950) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]
  • karashi-na   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • setsuriko   (Source: Kitamura 1950 [as Brassica juncea var. foliosa]) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. subintegrifolia]
  • takana   (Source: Kitamura 1950) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. integrifolia]
  • gas   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:85.) – Transcribed Korean
  • kai choy   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 8:104.) – Malay
  • sawi pahit   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 8:104.) – Malay
  • mostarda-indiana   (Source: PROTA4U ) – Portuguese
  • mostarda-vermelha   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]
  • mostarda-vermelha   (Source: PROTA4U ) – Portuguese
  • mostaza de la tierra   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. rugosa]
  • mostaza de Sarepta   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]
  • mostaza india   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • mostaza india   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]
  • haradali   (Source: PROTA4U ) – Swahili
  • mastadi   (Source: PROTA4U ) – Swahili
  • sareptasenap   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: potential for pollution control   (as heavy metal hyperaccumulator fide J Appl Biosci 13:726-736. 2009)
  • Human food: oil/fat   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: seeds   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: vegetable   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Gene sources: gene transfer for rape   (fide Theor Appl Genet 92:786. 1996, based on crosses with Erucastrum abyssinicum to produce hybrids as "bridge species")
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in cabbage/kale   (fide Euphytica 136:318. 2004)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in turnip   (fide Theor Appl Genet 102:487. 2001)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage   (fide Euphytica 164:367. 2008, based on reports of poor seed set in crosses with B. carinata)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of black mustard   (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with Brassica nigra as the male parent)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of rape   (fide Transgenic Res 3:263. 1994, based on successful hybridization with B. napus)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of arugula   (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with Eruca vesicaria)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of cabbage/kale   (fide Euphytica 136:314. 2004, based on successful hybridization with B. oleracea using in vitro techniques)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of crambe   (fide Euphytica 101:1. 1998, reporting hybridization with Crambe abyssinica)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of radish   (based on report of hybrids with Raphanus sativus fide Guide Germ Brassica)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of turnip   (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with Brassica rapa)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of white mustard   (fide Euphytica 158:213, 216, 217. 2007, based on reports of some successful hybridization with Sinapis alba)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Kingsbury)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Weed CIBA)
More:

Distributional range:

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; South Africa
    Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia [s.], Western Siberia [s.]
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India [n.]; Sri Lanka
    Malesia: Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Norway [s.]; Sweden [s.]
    Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: Spain [n.e.]
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    Mexico
    United States
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia; Niue
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago - Trinidad; Virgin Islands (British) - Virgin Gorda; Virgin Islands (U.S.) - St. Croix
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Guatemala; Nicaragua
    Northern South America: French Guiana
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Paraguay - Alto Paraguay

      Adventive:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Tunisia

      Uncertain:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Mongolia: Mongolia

      Cultivated:
  • AFRICA
    Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India [n.]; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Thailand
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • EUROPE
    Europe [s.e. & n.]
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    North America
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    South America

References:

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More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.:


Images:

  • GRIN Images of germplasm accessions.
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
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Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?7654 (21 November 2014)

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