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Taxon: Bixa orellana L.

Genus: Bixa
Family: Bixaceae.
Nomen number: 7249
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:512. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 27-Jan-1997
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • annatto   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • arnatto   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • lipsticktree   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • atole   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • roucou   (Source: C. Feuillet, p.c.) – French
  • roucouyer   (Source: C. Feuillet, p.c.) – French
  • Anattostrauch   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Orleansstrauch   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • açafroa   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • açafroeira-da-terra   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • colorau   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • urucú   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • urucú-bravo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • urucum   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • achiote   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • achote   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • annato   (Source: F VenGuay ) – Spanish
  • bija   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • annatto   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sinaloa
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia [n.]; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

      Naturalized:
  • widely naturalized elsewhere in tropics

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated in tropics

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Cannon, J. & M. Cannon. 1994. Dye plants and dyeing. The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dodson, C. H. & A. H. Gentry. 1978. Flora of the Rio Palenque science center.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • Feuillet, C. 1998. pers. comm. [re. French common names].
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973–. Flora of Ecuador.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946–1962. Flora de Cuba.; suppl. 1969
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Roosmalen, M. G. van. 1977. Surinaams vruchtenboek.
  • Spellman, D. L. et al. A list of the monocotyledoneae/dicotyledonae of Belize. Rhodora v. 77 & 83, 1975 & 1981
  • Spichiger, R., ed. 1985–. Flora del Paraguay.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948–. Flora malesiana.
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995–. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Bixa orellana L.:

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?7249 (23 November 2014)

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