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Taxon: Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash

Genus: Schizachyrium
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Andropogoneae
Nomen number: 70698
Place of publication: J. K. Small, Fl. s.e. U.S. 59, 1326. 1903
Name verified on: 08-Feb-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 22-May-2003
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 73 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • broom beard grass   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Schizachyrium scoparium subsp. scoparium]
  • broom bluestem   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Schizachyrium scoparium subsp. scoparium]
  • coastal little bluestem   (Source: Proc E Nat Grass Sym [as S. scoparium var. littoralis]) – English   [Schizachyrium scoparium subsp. littorale]
  • eastern little bluestem   (Source: Grass Tex [as S. scoparium var. divergens]) – English   [Schizachyrium scoparium subsp. divergens]
  • little bluestem   (Source: Grass US [as S. scoparium]) – English   [Schizachyrium scoparium subsp. scoparium]
  • little bluestem   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • New Mexico little bluestem   (Source: Grass Tex [as S. scoparium var. neomexicanum]) – English   [Schizachyrium scoparium subsp. neomexicanum]
  • pinehill bluestem   (Source: F NAmer [as S. scoparium var. divergens]) – English   [Schizachyrium scoparium subsp. divergens]
  • prairie beard grass   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • seacoast bluestem   (Source: Grass Tex [as S. scoparium var. littorale]) – English   [Schizachyrium scoparium subsp. littorale]
  • präriegräs   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
    Southern South America: Chile

    North America
    United States


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed.
  • Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. [= Andropogon scoparius].
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Mejía-Saulés, M. T. & P. Dávila A. 1992. Gramíneas Útiles de México. Cuad. Inst. Biol. 16.
  • Meyer, M. H. 2012. Chapter 3. Ornamental grasses in the United States. Hort. Rev. 39:121–151.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • National Herbarium of New South Wales. 1961–1984. Flora of New South Wales.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.


Check other web resources for Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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