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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Musa ×paradisiaca L.

Genus: Musa section: Musa
Family: Musaceae.
Nomen number: 70453
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1043. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comments:
  • = M. acuminata × M. balbisiana, or Musa AB, AAB, ABB, ABBB, AAAB, AABB Groups
  • hybrid forms of edible bananas and plantains
Name verified on: 23-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 18-Nov-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Mayaguez (MAY).
Accessions: 13 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • banana   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • French plantain   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • plantain   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • bananier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Banane   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Ess-Banane   (Source: Zander ed 14) – German
  • Mehlbanane   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • banana-caturra   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • banana-da-terra   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • banana-de-São-Tomé   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • banana-maçã   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • banana-ouro   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • banana-prata   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • banano   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Human food: beverage base   (botanical name of cult. edible sweet & starchy diploid, triploid, & tetraploid hybrid bananas including genomes of both M. acuminata & M. balbisiana fide Baileya 5:171. 1957)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide Hortus 3)
  • Human food: starch   (botanical name of cult. edible sweet & starchy diploid, triploid, & tetraploid hybrid bananas including genomes of both M. acuminata & M. balbisiana fide Baileya 5:171. 1957)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
More:

Distributional range:

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated

References:

  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Govaerts, R. World checklist of selected plant families (on-line resource).
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Häkkinen, M. & H. Väre. 2008. Typification and check-list of Musa L. names (Musaceae) with nomenclatural notes. Adansonia sér. 3, 30:86.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Moore, H. E., Jr. 1957. Musa and Ensete, the cultivated bananas. Baileya 5:171.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Robinson, J. C. 1996. Bananas and plantains. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 5:1–238.
  • Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson. 1976. Flora of Hassan district.
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. 2:228 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 2:228.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Musa ×paradisiaca L.:

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?70453 (23 April 2014)

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