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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem.

Genus: Ficus section: Conosycea
Family: Moraceae tribe: Ficeae
Nomen number: 70291
Place of publication: Hort. bot. hafn. suppl. 7. 1819 (W. Roxburgh, Hort. bengal. 65. 1814, nom. nud.)
Comment: place of publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 15-Jan-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 14-May-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • India rubber fig   (Source: AH 505 ) – English
  • Indian rubbertree   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • karet-tree   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • rubberplant   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • yin du rong   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • arbre à caoutchouc   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 18:69) – French
  • figuier élastique   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French
  • Gummibaum   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • atta bor   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – India (Hindi)
  • figueira-indiana   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • seringueira   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • seringueira-de-jardim   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cauchú comun   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish
  • higuiera cauchera   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish

Economic importance:

Distributional range:

    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India [n.e.]; Nepal
    Indo-China: Myanmar
    Malesia: Indonesia - Java, Sumatra; Malaysia [Malaya]

  • widely cultivated


  • Abbiw, D. K. 1990. Useful plants of Ghana.
  • Barrie, F. R. 2011. Report of the General Committee: 11. Taxon 60:1212. ['F. elastica Roxb.' ruled as not validly published].
  • Boer, E. & A. B. Ella, eds. 2000. Plants producing exudates. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 18:69. [lists as F. elastica Roxb.].
  • Brummitt, R. K. 2010. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 61. Taxon 59:1271–1276. ['F. elastica Roxb.' ruled as not validly published].
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Howard, R. 1988. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 4:61.
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948–. Flora malesiana.
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agric. Handb. no. 505.
  • Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [lists as F. elastica Roxb.].


Check other web resources for Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem.:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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