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Taxon: Euphorbia lathyris L.

Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae subfamily: Euphorbioideae tribe: Euphorbieae subtribe: Euphorbiinae.
Nomen number: 70275
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:457. 1753 "E. lathyrus" (corr. Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:1048. 1759 & Sp. pl. ed. 2, 1:655. 1762)
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comments:
  • "lathyris" is derived from the Greek word for this plant
  • Linnaeus's citations of Bauhin, Fuchs, and Camerarius were also corrected from "Lathyrus" to "Lathyris" in Sp. pl. ed. 2
Name verified on: 26-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 12-Sep-2005
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 12 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

  • caper spurge   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • gopherplant   (Source: AH 505 ) – English
  • moleplant   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • euphorbe épurge   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • kreuzblättrige Wolfsmilch   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • sogsuja   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:98.) – Transcribed Korean
  • catapúcia-menor   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • lechetrezna   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • tártago   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • korstörel   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China [mountainous regions]
  • EUROPE
    Southeastern Europe: Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia]
    Southwestern Europe: France - Corsica

      Naturalized:
  • widely naturalized

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty. 2007. The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Correa, J. E. & H. Y. Bernal. 1992. Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello. 7:341–528.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Govaerts, R. et al. 2000. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Harden, G. J., ed. 1990–1993. Flora of New South Wales. ["lathyrus"].
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. ["lathyrus"].
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Horvath, D. 2011. Euphorbia. In: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, plantation and ornamental crops 7:125–132.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931–1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  • Jessop, J. P. & H. R. Toelken, eds. 1986. Flora of South Australia, ed. 4. ["lathyrus"].
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. ["lathyrus"].
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:98.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Nicolson, D. H. 1979. pers. comm. to E. E. Terrell. ["lathyris" derived from Greek; Linnaeus corrected his epithet and citations in Sp. pl. ed. 2].
  • Oudejans, R. C. H. M. 1990. World catalogue of species names published in the tribe Euphorbieae (Euphorbiaceae) with their geographical distribution.
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Rizk, A. M. 1987. The chemical constituents and economic plants of the Euphorbiaceae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 94:316.
  • Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross. 1983–1989. Flora of south-eastern Queensland.
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agric. Handb. no. 505.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1968. Flora europaea. 2:221.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Willis, J. H. 1970–1972. A handbook to plants in Victoria. ["lathyrus"].
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Euphorbia lathyris L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • PlantSystematics.org
  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?70275 (31 October 2014)

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