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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Elaeis oleifera (Kunth) Cortés

Genus: Elaeis
Family: Arecaceae (alt. Palmae) subfamily: Arecoideae tribe: Cocoseae subtribe: Elaeidinae
Nomen number: 70242
Place of publication: Fl. columb. 1:203. 1897
Name verified on: 17-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 17-Mar-2010
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • American oil palm   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • amerikanische Ölpalme   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • caiaueré   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • caiué   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • corozo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • denê-do-Pará   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • coquito   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • nolé   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • nolí   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • palmiche   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • amerikansk oljepalm   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Human food: oil/fat   (locally used in Brazil fide Palms Amazon)
  • Gene sources: potential gene source for African oil palm   (fide H. B. Pedersen, pers. comm. 1996)

Distributional range:

    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Suriname; Venezuela [n.]
    Western South America: Colombia [n.]; Ecuador; Peru


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Croat, T. B. 1978. Flora of Barro Colorado Island.
  • Duke, J. A. 1989. Handbook of Nuts. CRC Press.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Glassman, S. F. 1972. A revision of B. E. Dahlgren's Index of American palms. Phanerog. Monogr. 6:1–294.
  • Govaerts, R. & J. Dransfield. 2005. World checklist of palms.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Henderson, A. et al. 1995. Field guide to the palms of the Americas.
  • Henderson, A. 1995. The palms of the Amazon.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Ithnin, M. et al. 2011. Elaeis. In: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, plantation and ornamental crops 6:113–124. [this review mentioned crosses between Elaeis oleifera and E. guineensis, and need of backcrossing for introgressing traits from E. oleifera].
  • Jones, D. L. 1994. Palms throughout the world.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms. Principes 7:140. [= Corozo oleifera (Kunth) L. H. Bailey].
  • Pederson, H. B. 1996. pers. comm. [re. common names].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agric. Handb. no. 505.


Check other web resources for Elaeis oleifera (Kunth) Cortés:

  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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