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Taxon: Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don

Genus: Catharanthus
Family: Apocynaceae subfamily: Rauvolfioideae tribe: Vinceae.
Nomen number: 70159
Place of publication: Gen. hist. 4:95. 1837
Name verified on: 08-Sep-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 08-Sep-2004
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 45 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • bright-eyes   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • Cape periwinkle   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • graveyardplant   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • Madagascar periwinkle   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • old-maid   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • old-maid-flower   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • pink periwinkle   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • rose periwinkle   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • rosy periwinkle   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • chang chun hua   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • pervenche de Madagascar   (Source: F LAnt ) – French
  • boa-noite   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • boa-tarde   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lavadeira   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pervinca-rosa   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • vinca-de-gato   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • vinca-de-madagascar   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • vinca-rósea   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • chatas   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • chula   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • pervinca de Madagascar   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • rosensköna   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia
    Southern Africa: Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion; Seychelles
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Thailand
    Malesia: Malaysia; Papua New Guinea
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand - Kermadec Islands
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas [s.e.]
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California [San Diego Co.]
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Yucatan
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Marshall Islands; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; U.S. Outlying Islands - Wake Island
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    Southwestern Pacific: American Samoa; Fiji; New Caledonia; Niue; Tonga
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador - Galapagos Islands; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina [n.]; Paraguay; Uruguay

      Adventive:
  • EUROPE
    Southeastern Europe: Greece - Crete

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated in tropics & subtropics

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Bergen, M. A. van. 1996. Revision of Catharanthus G. Don, series of revisions of Apocynaceae XLI. Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 96–3:32–35.
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976–. Flores des Mascareignes.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  • DeFilipps, R. A. 1992. Ornamental garden plants of the Guianas.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Ellis, M. A. 1997. Compendium of raspberry and blackberry diseases and insects. P. 55 in: American Phytopathological Society, The disease compendium series.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto. Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Humbert, J.-H., ed. 1976. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Kiew, R. et al., eds. 2010–. Flora of peninsular Malaysia.
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946–1962. Flora de Cuba.; suppl. 1969
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liogier, A. H. 1981–. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-.
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  • Liogier, H. A. 1984–. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mlot, C. 1998. Plant biology in the genome era. Science 281:331–332.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 12(1):185.
  • Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Reitz, R., ed. 1965–. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970–. Flora of Thailand.
  • Snoeijer, W. 1996. Catharanthus roseus, the Madagascar periwinkle, a review of its cultivars. Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 96–3:47–120.
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995–. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana.
  • Thulin, M., ed. 1993–. Flora of Somalia.
  • Turner, B. L. et al. 2003. Atlas of the vascular plants of Texas. Sida Botanical Miscellany no. 24.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?70159 (27 November 2014)

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