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Taxon: Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.

Genus: Artocarpus subgenus: Artocarpus
Family: Moraceae tribe: Artocarpeae
Nomen number: 70095
Place of publication: Encycl. 3:209. 1789 "heterophylla"
Comment: Page number verified from original literature
Name verified on: 19-Apr-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 02-Nov-2006
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Hilo (HILO). Alternate site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 14 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • jack   (Source: AH 505 ) – English
  • jackfruit   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • jak   (Source: F Ceylon ) – English
  • bo luo mi   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • jacquier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Jackfruchtbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Nangka   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • kathal   (Source: Names Watson [as A. integrifolia]) – India
  • jaca   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • jaqueira   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • árbol del pan   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • jaca   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • jaqueiro   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • jackfrukt   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Human food: fruit   (fide J Arn Arb 40:336. 1959)
  • Human food: seeds   (fide J Arn Arb 40:336. 1959)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of jackfruit   (based on the existence of wild populations in India fide Genet Res Crop Evol 60:1749, 1750. 2013)
  • Materials: wood   (fide F Ceylon; J Arn Arb 40:336. 1959)

Distributional range:

    Indian Subcontinent: India [possibly indigenous in Western Ghats region]

  • widely cultivated in tropics


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Arocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 83:143.
  • Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops.
  • Jarrett, F. M. 1959. Studies in Artocarpus and allied genera, III. A revision of Artocarpus subgenus Artocarpus (cont.). J. Arnold Arbor. 40:334–338.
  • Jarrett, F. M. 1959. Studies in Artocarpus and allied genera, III. A revision of Artocarpus subgenus Artocarpus. J. Arnold Arbor. 40:119–121.
  • Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Nicolson, D. H. et al. 1988. An interpretation of Van Rheede's Hortus Malabaricus. Regnum Veg. 119:182.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agric. Handb. no. 505.
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 2:86.
  • Wangchu, L. et al. 2013. Studies on the diversity and selection of superior types in jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.). Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:1749–1762.
  • Wasielewski, J. & R. J. Campbell. 1999. Jackfruit breeding at Fairchild Tropical Garden, Miami, FL, USA. Proc. Florida State Hort. Soc. 112:218–219.
  • Watson, J. F. 1868. Index to the native and scientific names of Indian and other eastern economic plants and products. [= A. integrifolia].
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Yaacob, O. & S. Subhadrabandhu. 1995. The production of economic fruits in South-East Asia.
  • Zerega, N. J. C. et al. 2010. Phylogeny and recircumscription of Artocarpeae (Moraceae) with a focus on Artocarpus. Syst. Bot. 35:766–782. [as member of Artocarpus subgenus Cauliflori (F. M. Jarrett) Zerega].


Check other web resources for Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (28 August 2015)

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