USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Abies grandis (Douglas ex D. Don) Lindl.

Genus: Abies section: Grandis
Family: Pinaceae. Also placed in: Abietaceae
Nomen number: 664
Place of publication: Penny Cycl. 1:30. 1833
Name verified on: 05-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 10-Nov-2010
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA).


Common names:

  • giant fir   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • grand fir   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • lowland fir   (Source: AH 271 ) – English
  • lowland white fir   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • silver fir   (Source: AH 271 ) – English
  • white fir   (Source: AH 271 ) – English
  • yellow fir   (Source: AH 271 ) – English
  • sapin de Vancouver   (Source: L Noms French ed7 ) – French
  • Riesentanne   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German
  • abete di Vancouver   (Source: Mult Glossary Trees ) – Italian

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide AH 519)
  • Materials: wood   (plywood fide AH 519)
  • Social: religious/secular   (used as a Christmas tree fide web document)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • also cultivated


  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Farjon, A. 1990. Pinaceae: Drawings and descriptions of the genera Abies, Cedrus, Pseudolarix, Keteleeria, Nothotsuga, Tsuga, Cathaya, Pseudotsuga, Larix and Picea. Regnum Veg. 121.
  • Farjon, A. 1998. World checklist and bibliography of conifers.
  • Fowells, H. A. 1965. Silvics of forest trees of the United States.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California.
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1971. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Washington State University Clark County Extension. 2010. Grand Fir. [re. christmas tree use].


Check other web resources for Abies grandis (Douglas ex D. Don) Lindl.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (24 November 2015)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print