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Taxon: Beaucarnea recurvata Lem.

Genus: Beaucarnea
Family: Asparagaceae subfamily: Nolinoideae. Also placed in: Agavaceae Convallariaceae Dracaenaceae Liliaceae Nolinaceae Ruscaceae
Nomen number: 6608
Place of publication: Ill. Hort. 8(Misc.):59. 1861
Name verified on: 14-Mar-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 23-Feb-2015
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • bottle-palm   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • elephant-foot-tree   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • ponytail   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • beaucarnea   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • flasklilja   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

Distributional range:


  • also cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. [= Nolina recurvata (Lemaire) Hemsl.].
  • Rojas-Piña, V. et al. 2014. Molecular phylogenetics and morphology of Beaucarnea (Ruscaceae) as distinct from Nolina, and the submersion of Calibanus into Beaucarnea. Taxon 63:1193–1211.
  • Staples, G. W. & D. R. Herbst. 1996. Nomenclature changes affecting cultivated plants. I. Baileya 23:171. [= Nolina recurvata (Lemaire) Hemsl.].
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.


Check other web resources for Beaucarnea recurvata Lem.:

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (13 October 2015)

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