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Taxon: Bauhinia variegata L.

Genus: Bauhinia
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Caesalpinioideae tribe: Cercideae subtribe: Bauhiniinae. Also placed in: Caesalpiniaceae
Nomen number: 6602
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:375. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 24-Nov-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 6 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • mountain-ebony   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • orchidtree   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • orgideëboom   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – Afrikaans
  • arbre de Saint-Thomas   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • buntfarbene Bauhinie   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • kachnar   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – India
  • árvore-de-São-Thomaz   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • orkidébauhinia   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India - Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Pondicherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; Nepal; Pakistan
    Indo-China: Laos; Myanmar; Thailand [n.w.]; Vietnam

      Naturalized:
  • widely naturalized

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960–. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Dyer, R. A. et al., eds. 1963–. Flora of southern Africa.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles. [cult.].
  • Isely, D. 1975. Leguminosae of the United States: II. Subfamily Caesalpinioideae. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(2):30.
  • Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India. Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  • Lewis, G. P. 1987. Legumes of Bahia.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford. 2004. Legumes of Malesia: a checklist.
  • Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970–. Flora of Thailand.
  • Wit, H. C. D. de. 1956. A revision of the Malayan Bauhinieae. Reinwardtia 3:411.
  • Wunderlin, R. P. et al. 1987. Reorganization of the Cercideae (Fabaceae: Caesalpinioideae). Biol. Skr. 28:15.
  • Zhu, X. Y. et al. 2007. Legumes of China: a checklist.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Bauhinia variegata L.:

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images or nodulation data:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?6602 (27 November 2014)

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