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Taxon: Barbarea vulgaris W. T. Aiton

Genus: Barbarea
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Cardamineae.
Nomen number: 6491
Place of publication: Hortus kew. ed. 2, 4:109. 1812
Comment: R. Brown is considered to have authored the Brassicaceae in Aiton's Hortus kew. ed. 2 (see TL-2 Suppl. III: 141), but with no indication of this in the work itself Aiton is author of new names therein (Melbourne ICN Art. 46, Note 3, but see Ex. 23)
Name verified on: 25-Sep-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
CT°, IN°, ME°, MI°, NH°, WI°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • bittercress   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English
  • cressy-greens   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • herb-Barbaras   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • rocket cress   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • upland cress   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English
  • wintercress   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • yellow rocket   (Source: State Noxweed Seed ) – English
  • herbe aux charpentiers   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • herbe de Sainte-Barbe   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Barbarakraut   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • erva-de-Santa-Bárbara   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • agrião-de-inverno   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • hierba de Santa Bárbara   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production   (fide V. Dorofeev, pers. comm. 1996)
  • Human food: vegetable   (fide Eur Gard F)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Kingsbury)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Weed CIBA)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia [s.w.], Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    China: China - Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Jilin, Xinjiang
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Sweden [s.]; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain

      Naturalized:
  • AUSTRALASIA
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Southern South America: Argentina - Chubut, Rio Negro

References:

  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Bailey, L. H. 1949. Manual of cultivated plants, revised ed.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Cufodontis, G. 1953–1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  • Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR).
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Dorofeev, V. I. 1996. pers. comm. [re. common names].
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hegi, G. et al. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966-
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955–1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Barbarea vulgaris W. T. Aiton:


Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?6491 (26 October 2014)

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