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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Rosa ×damascena Herrm.

Genus: Rosa
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Rosoideae tribe: Roseae
Nomen number: 5328
Place of publication: De Rosa 14. 1762 (P. Miller, Gard. dict. ed. 8: Rosa no. 15. 1768)
  • = R. gallica × R. moschata
  • valid publication by Herrmann verified from original literature
  • it is not certain at this time whether or not Herrmann's and Miller's usage of this name are the same
Name verified on: 15-Feb-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 10-Feb-2014
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA).


Common names:

  • damask rose   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • four-seasons rose   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • Portland rose   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • York-and-Lancaster rose   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • damast roos   (Source: Ency Herbs ) – Dutch
  • rosier de Damas   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Damaszener Rose   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Portland-Rose   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – German
  • rosa-pálida   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • rose-de-Damasco   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • rosa damascena   (Source: Ency Herbs ) – Spanish

Economic importance:

Distributional range:

  • only cultivated


  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya. [lists as R. ×damascena Mill.].
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. [lists as R. ×damascena Mill.; = R. canina × R. phoenicea or R. moschata].
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. [lists as R. ×damascena Mill.].
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. [lists as R. ×damascena Mill.].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [lists as R. ×damascena Mill.; = R. centifolia × R. alba].
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). [lists as R. ×damascena Mill.].
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [not as hybrid; lists as R. ×damascena Mill.].
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Meikle, R. D. 1977–1985. Flora of Cyprus. [lists as R. ×damascena Mill.; = R. canina × R. phoenicea or R. moschata].
  • Oyen, L. P. A. & Nguyen Xuan Dung, eds. 1999. Essential-oil plants. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 19:157–161. [lists as R. ×damascena Mill.].
  • Pajaujis Anonis, D. 1993. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. [not as hybrid; lists as R. ×damascena Mill.].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Saakov, S. G. & D. Rieksta. 1973. Rozy. 56.
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970–. Flora of Thailand. [lists as R. ×damascena Mill.].
  • Vermeulen, N. 1999. Encyclopaedia of Herbs.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora. [lists as R. ×damascena Mill.].
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). A:240. [lists as R. ×damascena Mill.].


Check other web resources for Rosa ×damascena Herrm.:

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Rosa x damascena cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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