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Taxon: Asparagus asparagoides (L.) Druce

Genus: Asparagus
Family: Asparagaceae subfamily: Asparagoideae. Also placed in: Liliaceae
Nomen number: 4494
Place of publication: Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles 3:414. 1914 (Century Dict. 12(suppl.):845, sub Myrsiphyllum. 1909, nom. inval.)
Comment: authorship often credited to W. Wight in Century Dict., but there A. asparagoides appears under (Asparagus subg.) Myrsiphyllum without citation of basionym or ascription of authorship
Name verified on: 08-Nov-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 27-Jan-2006
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9).
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • bridal-creeper   (Source: Pl Prot Quart 11:49.) – English
  • bridal-veil-creeper   (Source: Noxweed Aust ) – English
  • gnarboola   (Source: Noxweed Aust ) – English
  • smilax   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • smilax asparagus   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • medeola   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    Southern Africa: Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape; Swaziland

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Southeastern Europe: Italy - Sicily
    Southwestern Europe: France - Corsica; Portugal
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
    Southern South America: Argentina; Uruguay

  • also cultivated


  • Flora of Australia. Online version.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. 1993. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. [= Myrsiphyllum asparagoides (L.) Willd.].
  • Batchelor, K. L. & J. K. Scott. 2006. Review of the current taxonomic status and authorship for Asparagus weeds in Australia. Pl. Protect. Quart. 21:129.
  • Dyer, R. A. et al., eds. 1963–. Flora of southern Africa. [lists as A. asparagoides (L.) Druce; = Myrsiphyllum asparagoides (L.) Willd.].
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. [lists as A. asparagoides (L.) Druce].
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Fellingham, A. C. & N. L. Meyer. 1995. New combinations and a complete list of Asparagus species in southern Africa (Asparagaceae). Bothalia 25:206. [lists as A. asparagoides (L.) W. Wight].
  • George, A. S., ed. 1987. Flora of Australia. 45:163. [= Myrsiphyllum asparagoides (L.) Willd.].
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. [lists as A. asparagoides (L.) Druce].
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Kanno, A. & J. Yokoyama. 2011. Chapter 3. Asparagus. Pp. 23–42 in: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, vegetables.
  • Keighery, G. 1996. Native, naturalized and cultivated Asparagaceae in Western Australia. Pl. Protect. Quart. 11(2):49–50.
  • Kleinjan, C. A. & P. B. Edwards. 1999. A reappraisal of the identification and distribution of Asparagus asparagoides in southern Africa. S. African J. Bot. 65:23–31.
  • Kubota, S. et al. 2012. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Asparagus (Asparagaceae) explains interspecific crossability between the garden asparagus (A. officinalis) and other Asparagus species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 124:345.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [lists as A. asparagoides (L.) W. Wight].
  • Obermeyer, A. A. 1984. Revision of the genus Myrsiphyllum Willd. Bothalia 15:78. [lists as A. asparagoides (L.) Druce; = Myrsiphyllum asparagoides (L.) Willd.].
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia. [= Myrsiphyllum asparagoides (L.) Willd.].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora. [lists as A. asparagoides (L.) Druce].
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.


Check other web resources for Asparagus asparagoides (L.) Druce:

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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