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Taxon: Tribulus cistoides L.

Genus: Tribulus
Family: Zygophyllaceae subfamily: Tribuloideae. Also placed in: Tribulaceae
Nomen number: 447663
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:387. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 12-Jan-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • burnut   (Source: F Florida ) – English
  • Jamaican feverplant   (Source: F Florida ) – English
  • kill Bukra   (Source: F Jam ) – English
  • Kingston-buttercup   (Source: F Jam ) – English
  • large yellow caltrop   (Source: F PuertoR ) – English
  • pagode   (Source: F Mascar ) – English
  • puncturevine   (Source: F Mascar ) – English
  • turkey-blossum   (Source: F Jam ) – English
  • herbe soleil   (Source: F LAnt ) – French
  • herse   (Source: F LAnt ) – French
  • pourpier-bord de mer   (Source: F LAnt ) – French
  • abrojo   (Source: F PuertoR ) – Spanish
  • cabeza de arriero   (Source: F PuertoR ) – Spanish
  • yerba de araña   (Source: F PuertoR ) – Spanish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya [coastal]; Tanzania [coastal]
    South Tropical Africa: Mozambique [coastal]
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
    Malesia: Indonesia - Celebes, Java [e.], Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas; Papua New Guinea
    Australia: Australia - Northern Territory [n.], Queensland [n.], Western Australia [n.]

  • widely naturalized elsewhere


  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica.
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963–1968. Flora of Java.
  • Barker, R. M. 1998. A trial key and notes on Tribulus (Zygophyllaceae) in Australia, including one new species and validation of Tribulus suberosus. Nuytsia 12:25.
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976–. Flores des Mascareignes.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan. 1993–. Flora of Taiwan, 2nd ed.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Liogier, H. A. 1984–. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  • Merrill, E. D. 1922–1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  • Missouri Botanical Garden. W³Tropicos (on-line resource).
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948–. Flora malesiana.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i.
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida.


Check other web resources for Tribulus cistoides L.:

  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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