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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

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Taxon: Arundo donax L.

Genus: Arundo
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Arundinoideae tribe: Arundineae.
Nomen number: 4439
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:81. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 29-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
CA*, CO*, NEª, NV*, TX*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.
Link to species profile at National Invasive Species Information Center

See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • giant-reed   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • Spanish-reed   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • spaanse-riet   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – Afrikaans
  • ghab   (Source: Ill L Qatar ) – Arabic
  • qalam   (Source: Ill L Qatar ) – Arabic
  • canne de Provence   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • grand roseau   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Pfahlrohr   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • cana-do-brejo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cana-do-reino   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • canno-do-reino   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-plumoso   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • caña común   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • caña de Castilla   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • carrizo   (Source: Ruizia 13:225. [as "arrizo"]) – Spanish (Peru)
  • italienskt rör   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Syria
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    China: China - Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Turkey
    Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Middle Europe: Hungary; Switzerland
    East Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    Mexico
    United States [w.]
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: West Indies
    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Nicaragua
    Northern South America: Suriname; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Ahmad, R. et al. 2008. Molecular evidence for a single genetic clone of invasive Arundo donax in the United States. Aquatic Bot. 88:113–120.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya.
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. (unpublished draft)
  • Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. 255–267 In: Luken, J. O. & J. W. Thieret, eds., Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255–267.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan. 1993–. Flora of Taiwan, 2nd ed.
  • El Bassam, N. 1998. Energy plant species. 150–155.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia.
  • Mariani, C. et al. 2010. Origin, diffusion and reproduction of the giant reed (Arundo donax L.): a promising weedy energy crop. Ann. Appl. Biol. 157:191–202.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Migahid, A. M. 1988–1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  • Milton, S. J. & W. R. J. Dean. 2010. Plant invasions in arid areas: special problems and solutions, a South African perspective. Biol. Invas. 12:3935–3948.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  • Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Saltonstall, K. et al. 2010. Genetics and reproduction of common (Phragmites australis) and giant reed (Arundo donax). Invasive Pl. Sci. Managm. 3:495–505.
  • Shukla, U. 1996. Grasses of north-eastern India.
  • Spencer, D. F. et al. 2008. Comparative growth of giant reed (Arundo donax L.) from Florida, Texas, and California. J. Aquatic Pl. Managem. 46:89–96.
  • Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú. Ruizia 13:225.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR.
  • USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource).
  • Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile. Check List 7:365–382.
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:114.
More:

Check other web resources for Arundo donax L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?4439 (24 October 2014)

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