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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

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Taxon: Cenchrus spinifex Cav.

Genus: Cenchrus
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Paniceae.
Nomen number: 433278
Place of publication: Icon. 5:38, t. 461. 1799
Name verified on: 03-Mar-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AZ(as Cenchrus incertus)*°, AZ(as Cenchrus pauciflorus)°, CA(as Cenchrus incertus)*°, GA(as Cenchrus incertus)°, NV(as Cenchrus pauciflorus)°, SC(as Cenchrus pauciflorus)°, WY(as Cenchrus incertus)°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • coast sandbur   (Source: State Noxweed Seed [as Cenchrus incertus]) – English
  • coast sandbur grass   (Source: NPB State Noxweed CA [http://nationalplantboard.org/docs/summaries/california.pdf]) – English
  • coastal sandbur   (Source: F NAmer CA) – English
  • common sandbur   (Source: F NAmer CA) – English
  • field sandbur   (Source: State Noxweed Seed CA [as Cenchrus incertus]) – English
  • mat sandbur   (Source: Weed CIBA CA [as Cenchrus incertus]) – English
  • spiny bur grass   (Source: Econ Pl Aust CA [as Cenchrus incertus]) – English
  • capim-amoroso-da-areia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-carrapicho-da-areia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • guizazo   (Source: Grass Cuba II [as Cenchrus incertus]) – Spanish
  • igelkottshirs   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Weed CIBA, as Cenchrus incertus)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Ohio, Pennsylvania [s.-c.], Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois [c.], Iowa, Kansas [s.], Minnesota [n.w.], Oklahoma
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California [s.], Utah [s.w.]
    Mexico [s.]
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Anguilla [incl. St. Barthelemy]; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Cuba; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay

References:

More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Cenchrus spinifex Cav.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?433278 (27 November 2014)

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