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Taxon: Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg

Genus: Artocarpus subgenus: Artocarpus
Family: Moraceae tribe: Artocarpeae
Nomen number: 4319
Place of publication: J. Washington Acad. Sci. 31:95. 1941
Name verified on: 16-Dec-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 03-Feb-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Hilo (HILO). Alternate site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 191 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

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Economic importance:

  • Human food: fruit   (fide J Arn Arb 40:309. 1959)
  • Human food: seeds   (fide J Arn Arb 40:309. 1959)
  • Human food: starch   (fide J Arn Arb 40:309. 1959)
  • Human food: vegetable   (fide J Arn Arb 40:309. 1959)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of breadfruit   (based on probable natural populations fide J Arn Arb 40:309. 1959)
  • Materials: latex/rubber   (fide J Arn Arb 40:309. 1959)
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Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Malesia: Indonesia - Irian Jaya, Moluccas; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • PACIFIC
    Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Micronesia [perhaps indigenous]; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    Southwestern Pacific: Vanuatu [perhaps indigenous]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    Southwestern Pacific: Solomon Islands [perhaps indigenous]

      Cultivated:
  • cultivated throughout tropics

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Arocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 83:143.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. [= A. incisus L. f.].
  • Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource).
  • Florence, J. 1997–. Flore de la Polynésie française.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Jarrett, F. M. 1959. Studies in Artocarpus and allied genera, III. A revision of Artocarpus subgenus Artocarpus (cont.). J. Arnold Arbor. 40:307–323. [= A. communis J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.].
  • Jones, A. M. P. et al. 2013. Morphological diversity in breadfruit (Artocarpus, Moraceae): insights into domestication, conservation, and cultivar identification. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:175–192.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Merrill, E. D. 1922–1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. [= A. incisus L. f.].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Ragone, D. 1994. Description of Pacific Island breadfruit cultivars. Acta Hort. 413:93–98.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Salma, I. et al. 2006. Diversity and use of traditional fruit species in selected home gardens or fruit orchards in Malaysia. J. Trop. Agric. Food Sci. 34:149–164.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970–. Flora of Thailand.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948–. Flora malesiana.
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 2:83.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Witherup, C. et al. 2013. Development of microsatellite loci in Artocarpus altilis (Moraceae) and cross-amplification in congeneric species. Applic. Pl. Sci. 1(7): 1200423.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= A. communis J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.].
  • Zerega, N. J. C. et al. 2004. Complex origins of breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis, Moraceae): Implications for human migrations in Oceania. Amer. J. Bot. 91:760–766.
  • Zerega, N. J. C. et al. 2005. Systematics and species limits of breadfruit (Artocarpus, Moraceae). Syst. Bot. 30:603–615.
  • Zerega, N. J. C. et al. 2010. Phylogeny and recircumscription of Artocarpeae (Moraceae) with a focus on Artocarpus. Syst. Bot. 35:766–782.
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Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg:


Images:

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  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov.4/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?4319 (06 July 2015)

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