USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Manihot esculenta Crantz

Genus: Manihot
Family: Euphorbiaceae subfamily: Crotonoideae tribe: Manihoteae
Nomen number: 431678
Place of publication: Inst. rei herb. 1:167. 1766
Name verified on: 05-Mar-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 19 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • Brazilian arrowroot   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 9:107.) – English   [Manihot esculenta subsp. esculenta]
  • cassava   (Source: Pl Names ) – English
  • cassava   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Manihot esculenta subsp. esculenta]
  • manioc   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English   [Manihot esculenta subsp. esculenta]
  • manioc tapioca   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • tapioca   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 ) – English   [Manihot esculenta subsp. esculenta]
  • tapioca-plant   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Manihot esculenta subsp. esculenta]
  • Kassave   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Manihot esculenta subsp. esculenta]
  • Maniok   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Manihot esculenta subsp. esculenta]
  • mandioca   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Manihot esculenta subsp. esculenta]
  • yuca   (Source: Cornucopia ) – Spanish   [Manihot esculenta subsp. esculenta]
  • maniok   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

Distributional range:

    Northern South America: Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela - Amazonas
    Brazil: Brazil - Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Goias, Mato Grosso, Para, Rondonia, Roraima, Tocantins
    Western South America: Bolivia - La Paz; Peru - Loreto, San Martin

  • cultivated throughout tropics




Check other web resources for Manihot esculenta Crantz:

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print