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Taxon: Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino

Genus: Arthraxon
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Andropogoneae
Nomen number: 4302
Place of publication: Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26:214. 1912
Name verified on: 23-Jul-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
CT*, MA*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • jointhead   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • small carpet grass   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • kobuna-gusa   (Source: Grass Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji

Economic importance:

Distributional range:

    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Primorye
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India
    Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand
    Malesia: Philippines
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales [n.e.], Queensland [s.e.]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Western Asia: Iran
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana, Ohio, West Virginia
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Colima
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Caribbean: Guadeloupe; Jamaica
    Mesoamerica: Central America; Costa Rica - Alajuela; Guatemala - Quezaltenango; Honduras - Francisco Morazan; Nicaragua - Matagalpa
    Northern South America: Venezuela - Portuguesa, Trujillo


  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource).
  • Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  • Brown, L. E. & J. Schultz. 1991. Arthraxon hispidus (Poaceae), new to Texas. Phytologia 71:379–381.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Chung, I.-C. 1965. Korean Grasses.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Dorr, L. J. & S. M. Niño. 2001. Arthraxon (Poaceae: Andropogoneae) new to South America. Sida 19:1191–1193.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Hamzeh'ee, B. & A. Naqinezhad. 2009. Arthraxon P. Beauv. (Gramineae) and Carex caryophyllea (Cyperaceae), new genus and species records from Iran. Iranian J. Bot. 15:68–71.
  • Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions.
  • Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • National Herbarium of New South Wales. 1961–1984. Flora of New South Wales.
  • Pullaiah, T. et al. 1997–1998. Flora of Andhra Pradesh (India).
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Shukla, U. 1996. Grasses of north-eastern India.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR.
  • Verma, D. M. et al. (vol. 1); V. Mudgal et al. (vol. 2). 1993–. Flora Madhya Pradesh.
  • Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113–123.
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  • Welzen, P. C. van. 1981. A taxonomic revision of the genus Arthraxon Beauv. (Gramineae). Blumea 27:266.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).


Check other web resources for Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (05 October 2015)

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