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Taxon: Armoracia rusticana G. Gaertn. et al.

Genus: Armoracia
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Cardamineae
Nomen number: 4234
Place of publication: Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 2:426. 1800
Comment: since this name was originally based on Cochlearia rusticana Lam., this was an illegitimate, superfluous name (Melbourne ICN Art. 52), so there is no parenthetical authorship (Melbourne ICN Art. 58)
Name verified on: 02-Apr-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 20-Mar-2014
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • horseradish   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • la gen shu   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • cran   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French
  • cranson   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • mérédic   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French
  • raifort cran   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • raifort sauvage   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French
  • Kren   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • Meerrettich   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • barba forte   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • cren   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • crenno   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • seiyō-wasabi   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • uma-daikon   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • wasabi-daikon   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • rábano-picanto   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • raiz-forte   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • rábano picante   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • rábano rusticano   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish

Economic importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring   (fide CultTropS)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of cabbage/kale   (based on sterile hybrids with Brassica oleracea by protoplast fusion fide Biologia Pl 39:534, 536, 538. 1997)
  • Materials: chemicals   (source of peroxidase used in biochemistry and immunology fide Pl Res SEAs 13:77. 1999)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide F USSR; V. Dorofeev, pers. comm. 1996; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed   (fide F NAmer)

Distributional range:

    East Europe: Moldova

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Caucasus: Armenia
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Turkmenistan
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    China: China - Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia; Turkey - Kirklareli
    Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, Utah

    Southern Africa: South Africa
    China: China
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Northern Europe: Ireland
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Germany
    Southeastern Europe: Italy
    United States
  • also cultivated elsewhere

  • possible origin e. Europe




Check other web resources for Armoracia rusticana G. Gaertn. et al.:

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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