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Taxon: Zizania aquatica L.

Genus: Zizania
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Ehrhartoideae tribe: Oryzeae
Nomen number: 42267
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:991. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 15-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
No species priority site assigned.


A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • estuarine wild rice   (Source: Wild rice in Canada) – English   [Zizania aquatica var. brevis]
  • estuarine zizania   (Source: Wild rice in Canada) – English   [Zizania aquatica var. brevis]
  • southern wild rice   (Source: Wild rice in Canada) – English   [Zizania aquatica var. aquatica]
  • southern zizania   (Source: Wild rice in Canada) – English   [Zizania aquatica var. aquatica]
  • zizânia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of wild rice   (based on crossability success with Z. palustris fide Syst Bot 13:233. 1988)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)


  • Aiken, S. G. et al. 1988. Wild rice in Canada. 30.
  • Dore, W. G. & J. McNeill. 1980. Grasses of Ontario. Research Branch Agriculture Canada Monograph 26.
  • Duvall, M. R. & D. D. Biesboer. 1988. Nonreciprocal hybridization failure in crosses between annual wild-rice species (Zizania palustris × Z. aquatica: Poaceae). Syst. Bot. 13:229–234.
  • Duvall, M. R. 1987. A systematic evaluation of the genus Zizania (Poaceae). Unpublished dissertation (University of Minnesota).
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Terrell, E. E. & L. R. Batra. 1982. Zizania latifolia and Ustilago esculenta, a grass-fungus association. Econ. Bot. 36:279.
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. 1997. Taxonomy of North American species of Zizania (Poaceae). Sida 17:535.
  • Voss, E. 1972–. Michigan flora.
  • Xu, X. et al. 2010. Phylogeny and biogeography of the eastern Asian-North American disjunct wild-rice genus (Zizania L., Poaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 55:1008–1017.
  • Xu, X.-W. et al. 2015. Comparative phylogeography of the wild-rice genus Zizania (Poaceae) in Eastern Asia and North America. Amer. J. Bot. 102:1–9. Doi:10.3732/ajb.1400323.


Check other web resources for Zizania aquatica L.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (02 September 2015)

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