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Taxon: Washingtonia filifera (Linden ex André) H. Wendl.

Genus: Washingtonia
Family: Arecaceae (alt. Palmae) subfamily: Coryphoideae tribe: Trachycarpeae subtribe: Livistoninae
Nomen number: 41967
Place of publication: Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 37:lxi. 1879
Comment: this combination appears only in the index to the journal, not in Wendland's article, to which the index entry (p. 68) refers
Name verified on: 16-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 16-Dec-2011
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • American cotton palm   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • California fan palm   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • California washingtonia   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • cotton palm   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • desert fan palm   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • petticoat palm   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • Washington palm   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • palmier évantail de Californie   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • kalifornische Washingtonpalme   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • also cultivated


  • Abbiw, D. K. 1990. Useful plants of Ghana.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. [lists as W. filifera (Linden ex André) H. Wendl.].
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America. [lists as W. filifera (Linden ex André) H. Wendl. ex de Bary].
  • Glassman, S. F. 1972. A revision of B. E. Dahlgren's Index of American palms. Phanerog. Monogr. 6:1–294.
  • Govaerts, R. & J. Dransfield. 2005. World checklist of palms. [lists as W. filifera (Linden ex André) H. Wendl. ex de Bary].
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. [lists as W. filifera (Linden) H. Wendl.].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [lists as W. filifera (Linden) H. Wendl.].
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. [lists as W. filifera (Linden ex André) H. Wendl.].
  • Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms. Principes 7:170,182. [lists as W. filifera (Linden) H. Wendl.].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Uhl, N. W. & J. Dransfield. 1987. Genera palmarum: a classification of palms based on the work of Harold E. Moore, Jr. [lists as W. filifera (Linden) H. Wendl.].
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.


Check other web resources for Washingtonia filifera (Linden ex André) H. Wendl.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (13 October 2015)

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