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Taxon: Vitis vinifera L.

Genus: Vitis subgenus: Vitis
Family: Vitaceae subfamily: Vitoideae
Nomen number: 41905
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:202. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 06-Aug-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 23-May-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV). Alternate site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Geneva (GEN).
Accessions: 217 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • common grapevine   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – English
  • European grape   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • grape   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English
  • grapevine   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • wild grape   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English   [Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris]
  • wine grape   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Vitis vinifera subsp. vinifera]
  • lambrusque   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Vitis vinifera subsp. vinifera]
  • vigne   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Vitis vinifera subsp. vinifera]
  • vigne vinifère   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Vitis vinifera subsp. vinifera]
  • echter Weinstock   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – German
  • Rebe   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • Weinrebe   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Vitis vinifera subsp. vinifera]
  • Wild-Rebe   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German   [Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris]
  • lambrusca   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian   [Vitis vinifera subsp. vinifera]
  • vite   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian   [Vitis vinifera subsp. vinifera]
  • podo   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:134) – Transcribed Korean
  • vinho   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Portuguese   [Vitis vinifera subsp. vinifera]
  • uva   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • videira   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • parra   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Vitis vinifera subsp. vinifera]
  • vid   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Vitis vinifera subsp. vinifera]
  • vino   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish   [Vitis vinifera subsp. vinifera]
  • vin   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
    Western Asia: Iran; Iraq; Israel; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Middle Asia: Turkmenistan
    Middle Europe: Austria; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Switzerland
    East Europe: Moldova; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]

  • cultivated worldwide in temperate areas


  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Lu, J. et al. 1998. Interspecific hybridization between Vitis rotundifolia and Vitis vinifera and evaluation of the hybrids. Acta Hort. 528:481–486.
  • Luo, S. et al. 2002. Inheritance of RAPD markers in an interspecific F1 hybrid of grape between Vitis quinquangularis and V. vinifera. Sci. Hort. 93:19–28.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:134.
  • Patel, G. I. & H. P. Olmo. 1955. Cytogenetics of Vitis: I. The hybrid of V. vinifera × V. rotundifolia. Amer. J. Bot. 42:141–159.
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Song, R.-G. et al. 1998. Ways for selection of brewing grape varieties from Vitis amurentis Rupr.: Interspecific hybridization and its effect. Sci. Agric. Sin. DOI: CNKI:SUN:ZNYK.0.1998–05–008. [cites crosses between Vitis amurensis and V. vinifera that were evaluated by several generations].
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala. [mentions].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 2:304.


Check other web resources for Vitis vinifera L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (05 October 2015)

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