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Taxon: Vitis rotundifolia Michx.

Genus: Vitis subgenus: Muscadinia
Family: Vitaceae subfamily: Vitoideae
Nomen number: 41895
Place of publication: Fl. bor.-amer. 2:231. 1803
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 21-Jan-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-Jan-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 111 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • muscadine grape   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • southern fox grape   (Source: Jackes, p.c.) – English
  • vigne musquée   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Muscadinerebe   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • moscada   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • vite moscata   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish

Economic importance:

  • Human food: fruit   (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for wine grape   (fide Amer J Enol Vitic 49:17. 1998)
  • Gene sources: pest resistance for wine grape   (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of muscadine grape   (fide Grape CGC Vulnerability Statement 2004)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of wine grape   (based on records of F1 hybrids only with V. vinifera as female parent fide Amer J Bot 42:141. 1955)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)


  • Aradhya, M. et al. 2008. Genetic structure, differentiation, and phylogeny of the genus Vitis: implications for genetic conservation. Acta Hort. 799:43–49.
  • Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:205.
  • Comeaux, B. L. et al. 1987. Taxonomic studies of the native grapes of North Carolina. Castanea 52:208.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten. 1979–1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol.
  • Grape Crop Germplasm Committee. 2004. Grape Crop Germplasm Committee genetic vulnerability statement. Crop Germplasm Committee reports. National Plant Germplasm System, USDA-ARS. [commented on Vitis rotundifolia being "genetically incompatible with most species" of the genus].
  • Grzegorczyk, W. & M. A. Walker. 1998. Evaluating resistance to grape phylloxera in Vitis species with an in vitro dual culture assay. Amer. J. Enol. Vitic. 49:17–22. [as Muscadinia rotundifolia].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Jackes, B. R. 1998. pers. comm. [re. common names].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Lu, J. et al. 1998. Interspecific hybridization between Vitis rotundifolia and Vitis vinifera and evaluation of the hybrids. Acta Hort. 528:481–486.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Moore, M. O. 1991. Classification and systematics of eastern North American Vitis L. (Vitaceae) north of Mexico. Sida 14:345.
  • Patel, G. I. & H. P. Olmo. 1955. Cytogenetics of Vitis: I. The hybrid of V. vinifera × V. rotundifolia. Amer. J. Bot. 42:141–159.
  • Pelsy, F. 2007. Untranslated leader region polymorphism of Tvv1, a retrotransposon family, is a novel marker useful for analyzing genetic diversity and relatedness in the genus Vitis. Theor. Appl. Genet. 116:15–27. [as Muscadinia rotundifolia].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Rogers, R. & J. Mortensen. 1979. The native grape species of Florida. Proc. Florida State Hort. Soc. 92:288.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Tian, L. & Y. Wang. 2008. Seedless grape breeding for disease resistance by using embryo rescue. Vitis (Geilweilerhof) 47:15–19. [cited research that used Vitis rotundifolia as pollen donor on a seedless, female V. vinifera and obtained hybrids using embryo rescue].
  • Timmons, S. A. et al. 2007. Morphological and anatomical development in the Vitaceae. IX. Comparative ontogeny and phylogenetic implications of Vitis rotundifolia Michx. Canad. J. Bot. 85:850–859.
  • Tröndle, D. et al. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Vitis (Vitaceae) based on plastid markers. Amer. J. Bot. 97:1168–1178.


Check other web resources for Vitis rotundifolia Michx.:


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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