USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Vitis cinerea (Engelm.) Engelm. ex Millardet

Genus: Vitis subgenus: Vitis
Family: Vitaceae subfamily: Vitoideae
Nomen number: 41863
Place of publication: Mém. Soc. Sci. Phys. Nat. Bordeaux sér. 2, 3:319, 336. 1880
Name verified on: 10-Jan-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 10-Jan-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Geneva (GEN).
Accessions: 91 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • ashy grape   (Source: Cepag &Vignobl) – English
  • downy grape   (Source: Jackes, p.c.) – English
  • grayback grape   (Source: F Missouri ) – English
  • mountain grape   (Source: Cepag & Vignobl [as V. berlandieri]) – English   [Vitis cinerea var. helleri]
  • Spanish grape   (Source: Dict Rehm [as V. berlandieri]) – English   [Vitis cinerea var. helleri]
  • sugar grape   (Source: Cepag & Vignobl [as V. berlandieri]) – English   [Vitis cinerea var. helleri]
  • sweet grape   (Source: Cepag & Vignobl [as V. berlandieri]) – English   [Vitis cinerea var. helleri]
  • Winterrebe   (Source: Dict Rehm [as V. berlandieri]) – German   [Vitis cinerea var. helleri]

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: disease resistance for wine grape   (fide Janick & Moore 1975; Mansf Ency)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for wine grape   (especially var. helleri fide M. O. Moore, pers. comm. 1996)
  • Gene sources: pest resistance for wine grape   (fide Acta Hort 733:54. 2007; Mansf Ency)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of wine grape   (based on phylogenetic affinities to Vitis vinifera fide Acta Hort 799:49. 2008)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)


  • Aradhya, M. et al. 2008. Genetic structure, differentiation, and phylogeny of the genus Vitis: implications for genetic conservation. Acta Hort. 799:43–49.
  • Cadle-Davidson, L. 2008. Variation within and between Vitis spp. for foliar resistance to the downy mildew pathogen Plasmopara viticola. Pl. Dis. 92:1577–1584.
  • Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:205.
  • Clewell, A. F. 1985. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Cousins, P. et al. 2007. USDA ARS research in grape rootstock breeding and genetics. Acta Hort. 733:51–55.
  • Ferri, C. P. & C. V. Pommer. 1995. Quarenta e oito anos de melhoramento da videira en São Paulo, Brasil. Sci. Agric. (Piracicaba) 52:107–122.
  • Galet, P. 1988. Les vignes américaines. In: Galet, P., Cépages et vignobles de France. 2nd ed. Montpellier, France 1:90–94.
  • Gandhi, K. N. & L. E. Brown. 1989. A nomenclatural note on Vitis cinerea and V. berlandieri (Vitaceae). Sida 13:507.
  • Gu, S. 2003. Effect of rootstocks on grapevines. 1–19.
  • Jackes, B. R. 1998. pers. comm. [re. common names].
  • Janick, J. & J. N. Moore. 1975. Adv. fruit breeding. 132.
  • Moore, M. O. 1991. Classification and systematics of eastern North American Vitis L. (Vitaceae) north of Mexico. Sida 14:351.
  • Myles, S. et al. 2010. Rapid genomic characterization of the genus Vitis. PLoS One 5:e8219.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  • Schmid, J. & H. Rühl. 2003. Performance of Vitis cinerea hybrids in motherblock and nursery preliminary results. Acta Hort. 617:141–145.
  • Schmidt, J. et al. 2003. Utilizing the complete Phylloxera resistance of Vitis cinerea Arnold in rootstock breeding. Acta Hort. 603:393–400.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Tröndle, D. et al. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Vitis (Vitaceae) based on plastid markers. Amer. J. Bot. 97:1168–1178.


Check other web resources for Vitis cinerea (Engelm.) Engelm. ex Millardet:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (06 October 2015)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print