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Taxon: Millettia pinnata (L.) Panigrahi

Genus: Millettia
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Millettieae. Also placed in: Papilionaceae
Nomen number: 418408
Place of publication: Panigrahi & Murti, Fl. Bilaspur Distr. 1:210. 1989
Name verified on: 11-Apr-2001 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 31-Jan-2006
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • Indian pongamia   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • Indian-beech   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 11:209. [as Pongamia pinnata]) – English
  • karanja   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Pongamia pinnata]) – English
  • karumtree   (Source: Hortus 3 [as Pongamia pinnata]) – English
  • pongam   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Pongamia pinnata]) – English
  • pongamia-tree   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • poonga-oil-tree   (Source: Hortus 3 [as Pongamia pinnata]) – English
  • kuro-yona   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: hemiparasite host   (host for sandalwood fide Pl Res SEAs 11:209. 1997, as Pongamia pinnata)
  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide F Ceylon, as Pongamia pinnata)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter   (fide F Ceylon, as Pongamia pinnata)
  • Fuels: fuelwood   (fide Firewood Cr, as Pongamia pinnata)
  • Fuels: potential as miscellaneous fuel   (fide BioEnergy Res 1:2-11. 2008)
  • Invertebrate food: lac insects   (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:209. 1997, as Pongamia pinnata)
  • Materials: lipids   (fide Firewood Cr, as Pongamia pinnata)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Herbs Commerce ed2, as Derris indica)

Distributional range:

    China: China - Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan
    Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India - Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Dadra and N. Haveli, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Pondicherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; Sri Lanka
    North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar
    Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Brunei; Christmas Island; Indonesia - Irian Jaya, Java, Kalimantan, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sumatra; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Singapore
    Australia: Australia - Northern Territory [n.], Queensland [n.]
    Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands - Tinian; Palau
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; Samoa

    Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion

    Africa [e.]


  • Adema, F. 2000. Notes on Malesian Fabaceae (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) 7. The genus Millettia. Blumea 45:411.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [= Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre].
  • Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford. 2004. Legumes of Malesia: a checklist.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. [= Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre].
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre].


Check other web resources for Millettia pinnata (L.) Panigrahi:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images or nodulation data:

  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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