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Taxon: Viola odorata L.

Genus: Viola
Family: Violaceae subfamily: Violoideae tribe: Violeae.
Nomen number: 41733
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:934. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 13-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 25-Feb-2004
No species priority site assigned.

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

Common names:


Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran; Iraq [n.]; Lebanon; Turkey
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Jammu and Kashmir
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized:
  • also naturalized

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya.
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963–1968. Flora of Java.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989–. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Correa, M. N. 1969–. Flora patagonica.
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986–1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  • Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR).
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Fennane, M. et al., eds. 1999–. Flore pratique du Maroc.
  • Fernández Casado, A. 1984. Estudios sobre el género Viola L. en la península Ibérica I. Cariología. Fontqueria 5:24.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 4:671.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931–1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Laasimer, L. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  • Marcussen, T. et al. 2001. Viola hirta (Violaceae) and its relatives in Norway. Nordic J. Bot. 21:6.
  • Marcussen, T. 2006. Allozymic variation in the widespread and cultivated Viola odorata (Violaceae) in western Eurasia. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 151:563–571.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada. 1985. Catalogo de la flora vascular de Chile.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Meikle, R. D. 1977–1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967–. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  • Orell, J. & A. M. Romo. 1991. The genus Viola in the Balaeric Islands. Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 59:83.
  • Pajaujis Anonis, D. 1993. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery.
  • Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  • Pittier, H. F. et al. 1945–1947. Catálogo de la flora venezolana.
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979–1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  • Press, J. R. & M. J. Short, eds. 1994. Flora of Madeira.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Russell, N. H. 1965. Violets (Viola) of central and eastern United States: An introductory survey. Sida 2:108.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India.
  • Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948–. Flora malesiana.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Valdés, B. et al., eds. 2002. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification.
  • Voss, E. 1972–. Michigan flora.
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Viola odorata L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Viola odorata cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Flower: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?41733 (24 October 2014)

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