USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Viola mandshurica W. Becker

Genus: Viola
Family: Violaceae subfamily: Violoideae tribe: Violeae
Nomen number: 41728
Place of publication: Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54:179. 1917
Name verified on: 21-Jan-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 25-Feb-2004
No species priority site assigned.


See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • Manchuria violet   (Source: F Korea ) – English
  • anama-sumire   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Viola mandshurica var. mandshurica forma crassa]
  • atsuba-sumire   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Viola mandshurica var. traingularis]
  • hokoba-sumire   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Viola mandshurica var. ikedaeana]
  • niijima-sumire   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Viola mandshurica var. triangularis forma niijimensis]
  • sumire   (Source: F Korea ) – Japanese Rōmaji

Economic importance:

Distributional range:

    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Khabarovsk, Kurile Islands, Primorye
    China: China - Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan


  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR).
  • Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan. 1993–. Flora of Taiwan, 2nd ed.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Igari, M. 1996. Wild violets of Japan.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975–1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Tai Hyun Chung. 1965. Illustrated encyclopedia of fauna & flora of Korea, vol. 5, Tracheophyta.
  • Wang, J. C. & T. C. Huang. 1990. Notes on the flora of Taiwan (9) the Viola L. (Violaceae). Taiwania 35:44.


Check other web resources for Viola mandshurica W. Becker:

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (06 October 2015)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print