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Taxon: Viola arvensis Murray

Genus: Viola
Family: Violaceae subfamily: Violoideae tribe: Violeae.
Nomen number: 41691
Place of publication: Prodr. stirp. gott. 73. 1770
Name verified on: 31-Jan-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 30-Oct-2007
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC).

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

Common names:


Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran; Turkey
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: Andorra; France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain

      Naturalized:
  • naturalized elsewhere

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989–. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  • Correa, M. N. 1969–. Flora patagonica.
  • Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR).
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Fennane, M. et al., eds. 1999–. Flore pratique du Maroc.
  • Fernández Casado, A. 1984. Estudios sobre el género Viola L. en la península Ibérica I. Cariología. Fontqueria 5:29.
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California.
  • Hinds, H. R. 2000. Flora of New Brunswick, ed. 2.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955–1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 4:668.
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Khatamsaz, M. 1989. Studies on the Violaceae family in Iran. Iranian J. Bot. 4:171–182.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Laasimer, L. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  • Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada. 1985. Catalogo de la flora vascular de Chile.
  • McKinney, L. E. & N. H. Russell. 2002. Violaceae of the southeastern United States. Castanea 67:372.
  • Meikle, R. D. 1977–1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  • Moore, D. M. 1983. Flora of Tierra del Fuego.
  • Moss, E. H. & J. G. Packer. 1983. Flora of Alberta, ed. 2.
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967–. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  • Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979–1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. [= V. tricolor ssp. arvensis (Murray) Gaudin].
  • Press, J. R. & M. J. Short, eds. 1994. Flora of Madeira.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. [= V. tricolor ssp. arvensis (Murray) Gaudin].
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Russell, N. H. 1965. Violets (Viola) of central and eastern United States: An introductory survey. Sida 2:102.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  • Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Voss, E. 1972–. Michigan flora.
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999 [= V. tricolor L.].
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Viola arvensis Murray:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • PlantSystematics.org
  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?41691 (26 October 2014)

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