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Taxon: Morella cerifera (L.) Small

Genus: Morella
Family: Myricaceae
Nomen number: 413128
Place of publication: Fl. s.e. U.S. 337, 1329. 1903
Name verified on: 05-Sep-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 05-Sep-2000
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • bayberry   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English
  • candleberry   (Source: F Tex [as Myrica cerifera]) – English
  • southern bayberry   (Source: Trees US [as Myrica cerifera]) – English
  • southern wax-myrtle   (Source: F NAmer [as Myrica cerifera]) – English
  • wax-myrtle   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • waxberry   (Source: Hortus 3 [as Myrica cerifera]) – English
  • arbre à cire   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Myrica cerifera]) – French
  • Wachsbeerbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Myrica cerifera]) – German
  • Wachsmyrte   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German
  • louro-bravo   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Myrica cerifera]) – Portuguese
  • arrayán   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Myrica cerifera]) – Spanish
  • cera vegetal   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Myrica cerifera]) – Spanish
  • vaxpors   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - New Jersey [s.]
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Oklahoma
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Caribbean: Bahamas; Bermuda; Cuba; Hispaniola [possibly]; Jamaica; Puerto Rico
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama [w.]


  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. [= Myrica cerifera].
  • Diggs, G. M., Jr. et al. 1999. Shinner's and Mahler's illustrated flora of North Central Texas. [= Myrica cerifera L.].
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America. [= Myrica cerifera L.].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [= Myrica cerifera].
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. [= Myrica cerifera].
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. [= Myrica cerifera].
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. [re. German common names].
  • Wilbur, R. L. 1994. The Myricaceae of the United States and Canada: genera, subgenera, and series. Sida 16:100.
  • Wilbur, R. L. 2002. The identity and history of Myrica caroliniensis (Myricaceae). Rhodora 104:39.


Check other web resources for Morella cerifera (L.) Small:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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