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Taxon: Verbena officinalis L.

Genus: Verbena section: Verbena series: Verbena
Family: Verbenaceae.
Nomen number: 41164
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:20. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 27-Mar-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 17-Aug-2010
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC).
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • common verbena   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • common verbena   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • common vervain   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • common vervain   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • European vervain   (Source: Glea Cron ed2 ) – English   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • herb-of-the-cross   (Source: F Florida ) – English   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • holywort   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • official vervain   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • peristerion-wort   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • pigeon's-grass   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • simpler's-joy   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English
  • simpler's-joy   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • turkey-grass   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English
  • turkey-grass   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • vervain   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 ) – English
  • wild verbena   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • ma bian cao   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • ma bian cao   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • herbe de verveine   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • herbe sacrée   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • verveine officinale   (Source: L Noms French ed7 ) – French
  • verveine officinale   (Source: L Noms French ed7 ) – French   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • echtes Eisenkraut   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • echtes Eisenkraut   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • erba di San Giovanni   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • verbena   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • kumatsuzura   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • kumatsuzura   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Verbena officinalis var. officinalis]
  • erva-de-ferro   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ferraria   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • planta-da-sorte   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • verbena   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • järnört   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Egypt [n.]; Libya [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    South Tropical Africa: Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Middle Asia: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Malaysia
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part [s. & c.]; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Oklahoma [s.w.]
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon, Washington
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Veracruz
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Cuba; Dominican Republic; Haiti

      Naturalized:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
  • widely naturalized elsewhere

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Barber, S. C. 1982. Taxonomic studies in the Verbena stricta complex (Verbenaceae). Syst. Bot. 7:454.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR).
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931–1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975–1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  • Meikle, R. D. 1977–1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  • Moldenke, H. N. 1980. A sixth summary of the Verbenaceae, Avicenniaceae, Stilbaceae, Chloanthaceae, Symphoremaceae, Nyctanthaceae, and Eriocaulaceae of the world as to valid taxa, geographic distribution and synonymy. Phytologia Mem. 2:68.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Munir, A. A. 2002. A taxonomic revision of the genus Verbena L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 20:76.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979–1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  • Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2.
  • Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Voss, E. 1972–. Michigan flora.
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida.
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Verbena officinalis L.:


Check other web resources for images:

  • PlantSystematics.org
  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?41164 (29 July 2014)

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